All posts by ROMAR

Inventor/Innovator/Proprietor With Patents: • Pipeline and Irrigation Systems referred to as HUG • Innovative damless Hydro Electrical Power Systems referred to as HUG • Fresh Water Transfer Pipeline System referred to as HUG • HUG Wave Energy System • HDPE HUG Lining to Rehabilitate Corroded Oil and Gas Pipelines* As Company Presidents of: HUG ENERGY Inc. Living Water Is Corporation Living Water MicroFinance Inc. With Additional Business Interests in: • Tele-Health Services in Africa • Micro Finance for women farmers in Uganda, Kenya , Tanzania and Togo • AgriGrowth Farming: Organic or Natural Agriculture in Africa • Business Investment Fund: Next6

SLASHING CARBON EMISSIONS

THE ECONOMIC CASE 

Cutting emissions will not be enough to keep global warming in check.

Greenhouse gases must be scrubbed from the air.billions trees AfricaNo one in power is listening to the climate skeptics anymore.

One discovery after another suggests the world is warming faster, and climate damages are appearing sooner, than anyone had expected. Much of the policy discussion so far has been aimed at keeping the atmospheric concentration of CO2 below 450 parts per million (ppm) — which was until recently thought to be low enough to prevent dangerous levels of warming. But paleoclimatic evidence shows 450 ppm is the threshold for transition to an ice-free earth. This would imply a catastrophic rise in sea levels, eventually flooding all coastal cities and regions.

‘350’: THE MOST IMPORTANT NUMBER IN THE WORLDCARBON EMISSION SOLUTIONS

To avoid reaching such a crisis stage, climate scientists now call for stabilizing CO2 concentrations at 350 ppm. The world is now around 390 ppm and rising.

Some scientists and activists believe that a concentration of over 350 parts-per-million of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could lead to feedback loops (the release of methane from Arctic permafrost, for example) that could make warming almost impossible to stop. 

A British team demonstrated that coral reefs won’t survive acidified waters unless we get  CO2 concentrations back down below 360 ppm.

COST ESTIMATES

Many economic models find that the modest steps called for in recent U.S. proposals would have very small costs and virtually undetectable effects on total employment.
The needed emissions reductions will cost an average of 1 to 3 percent of world economic output, for some years to come. Economic growth would be increased by a program of public investment in green technology and emissions reduction that leads to 350 ppm.
The net costs of reducing carbon emissions (i.e. investment costs, minus the value of energy saved) go down when the price of oil goes up, and vice versa. One estimate of eliminating more than half of world emissions would have zero total cost if the price of oil were $90 per barrel.

DECIDING WHETHER IT’S WORTH THE PRICE

We can actually afford to protect the climate, and leave a livable world to future generations.
The range of cost estimates for reaching 350 ppm, combined with uncertainties about oil prices and future technologies, make it difficult to choose a single estimate of the total economic cost. Suppose that, for the sake of argument, 2.5 percent of world output must be spent on climate stabilization for years to come. Is that an unacceptably large number?
In 68 countries, military spending exceeds 2.5 percent of GDP. In the United States and China, the top greenhouse gas emitters, military spending absorbs more than 4 percent of GDP. Both countries would be safer, not more vulnerable, if they diverted half of their defense spending to defense against climate crisis.

That target is a smart investment — and the best insurance policy humanity could buy.

CLIMATE RISK AND INSURANCE

Think about climate risk as an insurance problem. You don’t buy fire insurance because you’re sure your house will burn down; rather, you are not, and cannot be, sure enough that it will not burn down. Only we know that, in fact, the house will burn down.
The climate crisis challenges us to do it again, to invent the new technologies and industries that will transform life in the mid-21st century and beyond. We know it’s possible: We can afford to protect the climate, and leave a livable world to future generations.

WILL THE WORLD JOIN IN?

carbon emissions solutions

The developing world is ‘not joining-in with CO2  emission reductions nor does it have any intention of doing so.

carbon emission solutions

NEWS FLASH

In a stunning turnaround, Britain moves to end the burning of coal

Britain is phasing out its coal-burning power plants, with the last one slated to be shuttered by 2025, if not sooner. It is a startling development for the nation that founded an industrial revolution powered by coal.

The British government has also enacted a law consistent with this range, requiring emissions reductions of 34 percent below 1990 levels by 2022, which would be upped to 42 percent if the world reaches a global climate agreement in Copenhagen in December.

Paris to Ban Fossil Fuel Cars by 2030

Paris announced it will ban all gas- and diesel-fueled cars within city limits by 2030, allowing only electric vehicles onto its streets.

MORE DETAILS:

Agroforestry could help solve Climate Change.

HELPING SOLVE WORLD’S CARBON POLLUTION

New Trees are the only solution to soaking up Carbon Dioxide:

tree growth

A Full Scale Aquaponic Tree Nursery in Africa supported by:

  • A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
  • An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
  • Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com
  • An Agroforestry Inter crop System: LivingWaterIs.com
  • The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
  • God’s Loveletters:  Godloveletters.com
  • Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
  • https://twitter.com/roaudet

    OUR STRATEGY

    Stage 1     Agricultural Mechanization of Africa                        
    Stage 2   Today’s Tall Trees Nursery: Carbon Tax Fund 
    Stage 3   Micro Finance & Landlord Cooperatives 
    Stage 4   Irrigation in Remote Areas using kinetic energy from moving water.
    Stage 5   Electricity Created in Remote Areas using moving water without the use of a dam.

 

Carbon Tax NOT Enough

Carbon emissionsCarbon Tax Failure: NOT Enough

There is a failure of the press to cover urgency of carbon tax. Carbon should not flow unpriced into the atmosphere, any more than you should be allowed to toss your garbage in the street. It makes no sense that the fossil fuel industry is allowed to put out their waste for free, using the atmosphere as an open sewer.

Nearly all of those decisions share a common, crucial element: they are shaped, by the relative prices of available energy choices. The only way to get enough change is to send a price signal so that everyone from investors to car buyers will change their behavior automatically:  a kind of perpetual motion machine. 

A straightforward plan is simply to tax carbon directly. Canada has introduced the gradual approach of a $10/ton of carbon emissions to finally get the ball rolling, while some of the provinces have elected to increase this tax to $30/ton.  In the meantime, Exxon has been planning for $50 a ton to make sure it won’t put a crimp in their business.  

Yes, carbon tax is inevitable but one thing stands in the way: PRICE POINT.  If we want to move the needle, we have to move the market. We need a top down message. A steadily rising tax on fossil fuels will send a strong price signal. A proposed carbon tax pending in the New York state legislature (A.B. 8372:  proposes to increase the tax gradually from $35 to $185 per ton.) 

Is that the only thing that needs to be done?

To keep the pressure on carbon emissions, a “fee-and-dividend” approach sets a price on carbon, and then rebates all the revenue straight to citizens, perhaps even sending them a monthly check. Yes, the price we pay at the pump goes up but the check covers the increased cost.  It’s called revenue neutrality.

 It’s one arrow in a quiver full of other arrows we’re going to need. As we see temperatures shattering new records every month, we need to do everything:  not just a price on carbon, but dramatic subsidies for renewables to speed their spread.

We know what to do, but building a will to do it seems like an insuperable obstacle.

The definition of quixotic: foolishly impractical especially in the pursuit of ideals especially marked by rash lofty romantic ideas or extravagantly chivalrous action.  Our rash ideas are bringing us to the opposite direction with no change in sight.

The clock ticks and each month we lose ground and face a warmer future and a bigger challenge to reign in green house gas effects on our life support on this planet. Building such an effort requires an international cooperation far beyond anything accomplished thus far, with an effort comparable to, or greater than, World War II.

In the pre-industrial global carbon cycle before 1750, there was zero carbon change. It was not unlike a chemical equilibrium that automatically balances itself.

CARBON TAX NOT ENOUGH CARBON TAX NOT ENOUGH

Carbon cycle for the 1990’s: in billions of tons of CO2

Our CO2 emission debt is still in the RED. This does not even consider the mounting debt load that has already accumulated in the global carbon cycle, as we witness temperatures shattering new records every month.

Fossil fuels emit only 3% of total CO2 emissions. 95% comes from rotting vegetation. The dead wood and weeds can’t simply be stored in air tight underground. Burying a biomass will eventually result is methane, which is 23 times more harmful to the climate: it will inevitably attract termites which would mess up the project by puncturing holes in the airtight burial chambers.

There is an easier solution. If you heat this wood properly, the resulting by product is charcoal. Charcoal applied to agricultural land increases the fertility of the soil. This has been used in the past by Indians in the pre-Columbian Amazon basin. Continue reading Carbon Tax NOT Enough

Electrified Vehicles: Battery or Hydrogen

GOOD WORD FOR THE ELECTRIC CAR

Over the next 30 years we will see automobiles fully electrify. Gas emissions produced by traditional cars are poisoning the air that we breathe: in big cities the situation is critical. We need to change, and electrified vehicles is the solution. But which one: Battery or Hydrogen?

electrified vehicle


Electric cars future

Energy efficient, battery-powered cars will, by 2025, be cheaper to buy than conventional, gasoline-powered cars.

Bloomberg New Energy Finance recently reported that the price of the zero emission cars is largely due to falling battery costs. The report says that “batteries currently account for about half the cost of EVs, and their prices will fall by about 77 percent between 2016 and 2030.”

Automaker Renault predicts ownership costs of electric vehicles will, by the early 2020s, equal that of conventional gas-powered vehicles.

The report also noted that by 2025 14% of new car sales, or 100 million electric cars globally, will be electric vehicles.

For fleet operators, this is good news. In 2014, greencarreports.com reported that electric vehicle fleets could save operators an average of $16,000 each, compared to the traditional vehicles over a service life of seven years. Now, the cost savings is clearly larger.

One of the challenges, however, with electric vehicles is total energy demand. The energy demand created by fully charging an electric vehicle (EV) can be as high as total domestic electricity consumption for one household, albeit more concentrated over particular periods of the day as well as geographical areas.

The latest study by McKinsey* et al (Electrifying insights: How automakers can drive electrified vehicle sales and profitability) claim around 2030 or so, EVs will be price competitive with conventional cars, which was based on sound data. 

Electrified Vehicles

The report states that consumer demand is starting to shift in favor of slightly. While more than 20 per cent of new car shoppers think about buying a new battery-powered electric car, less than 0.5 per cent actually does buy.

There is still a battery barrier.

The 2016 estimated pack cost of ~$227/kWh means that a 60 kWh battery becomes a $13,600 component of the car. We may have to wait between 2025 and 2030, when battery pack costs fall below $100/kWh, creating financial headwinds for Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) automakers.  That’s a cost saving of $5,000 per car. 

Relying on increasingly large lithium ion batteries to assuage range anxiety is not a practical long-term solution to eliminating greenhouse gases. Electric-powered automobiles are not a bad idea; pure battery-powered BEVs are a bad idea.

electrified vehicles

It’s going to take more than just cheap lithium ion to bring about the end of the internal combustion engine.  Building an infrastructure to service this type of technology when there are quicker and more efficient recharging models available is a monumental waste of money.

Electric cars future

Hydrogen vs. Electric: Which is actually more efficient?

Continue reading Electrified Vehicles: Battery or Hydrogen

California Canyon Wave Energy

HUG Wave EnergyCalifornia Canyon Wave Energy 

The HUG California Canyon Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy from the canyons of the shores of California at a very low cost.

 

California Canyon Wave Energy
California Canyon Wave Energy: Monterey
California Canyon Wave Energy
California Canyon Wave Energy: Santa Barbara
California Canyon Wave Energy
California Canyon Wave Energy: Moss Landing
California Canyon Wave Energy
California Canyon Wave Energy: Cape Mendocino

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading California Canyon Wave Energy

River Fed Ocean Wave Energy

Ocean Wave Energy 

The HUG River Fed Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from River Fed ocean wave energy to the shores of the world  at a very low cost. The potential projects are selected from both Colombia and Venezuela in an area where there is more rainfall than in any part of the world: the Choco

At a River Outlet:

This approach adds river water to the height of the reservoir if flooding is not an issue.  The river continues to flow unabated. The spawning of fish will not be affected because a large transfer pipe is used to feed river water into the reservoir.

This approach includes the possibility of adding more HUGs.

 

Venezuela Wave Energy
Venezuela Wave Energy: Cocalita
Colombia Wave Energy
Colombia Wave Energy: Choco El Valle
Colombia Wave Energy
Colombia Wave Energy: Choco Jurado
Colombia Wave Energy
Colombia Wave Energy: Choco Puerto Reyes
Colombia Wave Energy
Colombia Wave Energy: Choco Borojo
Colombia Wave Energy
Colombia Wave Energy: Choco Pizarro
Colombia Wave Energy
Colombia Wave Energy: Choco Tribuga

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading River Fed Ocean Wave Energy

Island Wave Energy

  Island Wave Energy Potential

The HUG Island Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of the islands of the world  at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the  coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

Islands have the most to gain:

*BARBADOS

  • Surfer’s Point, Barbados
Barbados Wave Energy:
Barbados Wave Energy: Conset Bay

*BERMUDA

  • North Shore, Bermuda

CANADA

  • *Tofino, Jordan River, Byron Bay, Vancouver Island
Vancouver Wave Energy
Vancouver Wave Energy: Tofino

*DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

  • La Puntilla (Puerto Plata), Dominican Republic

*ENGLAND

  • Watergate Bay, Sennen Cove, Cornwall, England 

*FIJI

  • Cloudbreak, Tavarua Island, Fiji
Fiji Wave Energy
Fiji Wave Energy: Suva
Fiji Wave Energy
Fiji Wave Energy: Voua

*FRENCH POLYNESIA (TAHITI)

  • Teahupoo, Tahiti 
Tahiti Wave Energy
Tahiti Wave Energy: Teahupo

*ICELAND

  • Grindavik Antenas, Iceland
Iceland Wave Energy
Iceland Wave Energy: Grondavik

*INDONESIA

  • Lance’s Right, Sipora, Mentawais Islands, Sumatera Barat
  • Uluwatu and Kuta, Bali, Indonesia
  • Nihiwatu, Sumba, Indonesia
  • *Nias Islands, Indonesia
  • *Kanduis, Indonesia
  • * Legon Par, Swari, Indonesia
Indonesia Wave Energy
Indonesia Wave Energy: Lagun Pari Sawai

*IRELAND

  • Bundoran Beach, County Donegal, Ireland Ballymore

    Ireland Scotland Wave Energy
    Ireland Wave Energy: Ballymore West

*JAPAN

  • Fukuoka, Japan

*MALDIVES

  • Pasta Point, Maldives
  • Sultans, North Male, Maldives

*MICRONESIA

  • P-Pass, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia

*NEW ZEALAND

  • Manu Bay, Raglan, New Zealand
  • *Tuapeka Point, Chatham Islands, New Zealand
New Zealand Ocean Wave Energy
New Zealand Wave Energy: Gates Harbour

*PHILIPPINES

  • Cloud Nine, Siargao Island, Philippines 
Philippines Wave Energy
Philippines Wave Energy: Siargao Island

*SAMOA

  • Coconuts, Samoa
*SCOTLAND: Brue and Barvas
Scotland Wave Energy
Scotland Wave Energy: Brue, Barvas

*SRI LANKA

  • Arugam Bay, Sri Lanka

*TAIWAN

  • Fulong Beach, Taiwan
Taiwan Wave Energy
Taiwan Wave Energy: Jia Le Shui

*TASMANIA

  • Shipstern Bluff, Tasmania,

*THAILAND

  • Surin Beach, Phuket, Thailand

HAWAII

  • *Pipeline and Backdoor, Oahu, Hawaii
  • *Honolua Bay, Maui, Hawaii
  • *Jaws, Maui, Hawaii
  • *Hanalei Bay, Hawaii
Hawaii Wave Energy
Hawaii Wave Energy: near Maliko Bay

AFRICA

*CANARY ISLANDS

  • The Bubble, Fuerteventura, Canary Islands

*CAPE VERDE

  • Ponta Preta, Maio, Cape Verde

*MADAGASCAR

  • Flameballs, Madagascar

*MAURITIUS

  • Black Rocks, Bernace, Madame Barry, One Eye, Tailor’s Point 

MOZAMBIQUE

  • Tofinho Point, Mozambique

*REUNION ISLAND

  • Cachera, Kelonia, Le Jetty, St. Pierre, Saint Leu

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading Island Wave Energy

Hawaii Wave Energy

The Hawaii Wave Energy PotentialHUG Wave Energy

The HUG Hawaii  Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of Hawaii at a very low cost.

Hawaii would seem a natural site for such technology. As any surfer can tell you, it is blessed with powerful waves. The island state also has the nation’s highest electricity costs—largely because of its heavy reliance on oil delivered by sea—and has a legislative mandate to get 100 percent of its energy from renewables by 2045.

The following images are located along the  coast of Hawaii wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

 

Hawaii Wave Energy
Hawaii Wave Energy: Kalihiwai
Hawaii Wave Energy
Hawaii Wave Energy: Pupukea
Hawaii Wave Energy
Hawaii Wave Energy: Honolua Bay
Hawaii Wave Energy
Hawaii Wave Energy: near Maliko Bay

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading Hawaii Wave Energy

World Wave Energy

The World Wave Energy Potential

HUG Wave Energy

The HUG World Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of the world  at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the  coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

At a River Outlet:

This approach adds river water to the height of the reservoir if flooding is not an issue.  This approach includes the possibility of adding more HUGs.

United States: Alaska

Alaska Wave Energy
Alaska Wave Energy: Bear Island
Alaska Wave Energy
Alaska Wave Energy: Yakutat

 

Argentina: Extreme South

Argentina Wave Energy
Argentina Wave Energy: Terra del Fuego

Norway: near Farstad

Norway Wave Energy
Norway Wave Energy: Farstad

Namibia: Fish River Canyon

Namibia Wave Energy
Namibia Wave Energy: Fish River Canyon

Guatemala

Guatemala Wave Energy
Guatemala Wave Energy

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading World Wave Energy

South Africa Wave Energy

 The South Africa Wave Energy Potential

HUG Wave Energy

The HUG South Africa Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of South Africa at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the west coast of South Africa wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

 

South Africa Wave Energy

South Africa Wave Energy South Africa Wave Energy

South Africa Wave Energy South Africa Wave Energy South Africa Wave Energy South Africa Wave Energy South Africa Wave Energy
South Africa Wave Energy

 

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading South Africa Wave Energy

Washington Oregon Wave Energy

Washington Oregon Wave Energy Potential

HUG Wave Energy

The HUG Washington Oregon Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of Washington  at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the coast of Washington and Oregon wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

 

Washington Wave Energy
Washington Wave Energy: Wedderburn Gold Beach

There is additional  river water that adds to the height of the reservoir if flooding and boat access is not an issue.

Washington Wave Energy
Washington Wave Energy: Orick
Washington Wave Energy
Washington Wave Energy: Sixes
Washington Wave Energy
Washington Wave Energy

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading Washington Oregon Wave Energy