Category Archives: HUG INNOVATION

Chili Wave Energy

The Chili Wave Energy Potential

HUG Wave Energy

The HUG Chili Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of Chili at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

 

Chili Wave Energy
Chili Wave Energy: Pichilemu
Chili Wave Energy
Chili Wave Energy: Cobquecura
Chili Wave Energy
Chili Wave Energy: Purema
Chili Wave Energy
Chili Wave Energy: Yanes

At a River Outlet:

This approach adds river water to the height of the reservoir and also adds the possibility of adding more HUGs.

 

Chili Wave Energy
Chili Wave Energy: Maquehue
Chili Wave Energy
Chili Wave Energy: El Penon

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading Chili Wave Energy

AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND WAVE ENERGY

Australia & New Zealand Wave Energy 

HUG Wave Energy

The HUG Australia and New Zealand Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of Australia and New Zealand at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

AUSTRALIA

Australian Wave Energy
Australian Wave Energy

NEW ZEALAND

New Zealand Ocean Wave Energy
New Zealand Wave Energy: Opunake
New Zealand Ocean Wave Energy
New Zealand Wave Energy: Oakura
New Zealand Ocean Wave Energy
New Zealand Wave Energy: Gates Harbour

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND WAVE ENERGY

CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

The California Wave Energy Potential

HUG Wave Energy

The HUG California Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of California at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

 

California Ocean Wave Energy
California Ocean Wave Energy: Caspar
California Ocean Wave Energy
California Ocean Wave Energy: Seahaven Inverness Miller
California Ocean Wave Energy
California Ocean Wave Energy: Klamath Mountains
California Ocean Wave Energy
California Ocean Wave Energy: Stewarts Point

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

HUG Artificial Reef Electricity

Artificial Reefs

OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

The HUG Artificial Reef is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean waves to the islands of the world at a very low cost.

HUG Artificial Reef ElectricityArtificial reefs, at 4, have long been on the forefront of surfers’ minds.  They can create very high slab waves, at 1.

 

HUG Artificial Reef Electricity

This is how a wave builds after it hits a focus point. The parallel wave fronts arriving at the coast need to be deflected on an angle over a head or focus, called a pointbreak.

HUG Artificial Reef

The wave is pushed up further than it normally would by 200%- 250%. This rising causes the wave to peel at only one place but as it proceeds towards shallower water over the wall of a reservoir along the wedge or the wall of the reservoir. The wave peels further and further, while keeping its height.  What surfing and how safe!

HUG Artificial Reef Continue reading HUG Artificial Reef Electricity

HUG Slab Wave

HUG Slab Wave

 

OCEAN WAVE ENERGY
OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

A slab is a piece of reef that sticks out in deep water or deep water sits behind it. Most slabs break in the same spot.  In the figure below, the HUG slab wave, 1, moves fast and hits a shallow reef, 4, at full speed. It lifts out of nowhere within seconds. HUG Slab waves are heavy reef breaks coming out of deep water and breaking in very shallow water. As a thick lip unloads on a shelf, the water doesn’t have anywhere to go but upwards overtopping into a reservoir with all their open-ocean energy intact. That energy gets focused as the depth suddenly decreases.

HUG Slab Wave

Acceleration = a = g (acceleration of gravity) = 9.8 m3/sec                                                                      (Final Velocity)2 = 2 x a x s

In the summer, the head of water is 1.5 m from water forcing through the automatic gates of the artificial reef:

Final Velocity = 5.42 m/sec for 1.5 m drop (s):

 In the winter, the head of water is 5 m from water washing over the walls of the artificial reef:

Final Velocity = 9.9 m/sec for 5 m drop (s) of the crest to sea level.

       Wave heights during storms may exceed 10 meters (33 feet)

 

HUG Slab Wave

  • Final Power of the Helical Turbine

The formula for Kinetic Energy is KE= ½ x A x V 3 x (.35) efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity)

Diameter of the Helical Turbine in the HUG is 1 m. The radius is 0.5 m: A = π r2 = π (0.5)2 = .785 m2      

  • = ½ x .785 m2 x (42 m/sec)3 x .35 = 21.9 kW/turbine in summer  x 7= .153 MW HUG System
  • = ½ x .785 m2 x (9 m/sec)3 x .35 = 132.6 kW/turbine in winter  x 7= .927 MW HUG System

The velocity of the speed at which a wave travels in winter: period is every 7 seconds for a velocity of 7.6 m/sec (25 ft/sec).

The average height is normally 3m to 4m (10 ft to 13 ft). The slab wave increases by 250%: 7.5 m to 10 m

The individual waves break when their wave height H is larger than 0.8 times the water depth h: a breaker 2 m high would occur in water 2.4 m deep.

 

HUG Slab Wave

Wave heights are amplified in the region of shallower water. At the wave period of 7 seconds, the significant wave height is 2 m high at depths of 12 m. The slab wave configuration raises the height to 5 m.

The formula for Kinetic Energy is KE= ½ x A x V 3 x (.35) efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity).       

 (Diameter of the Helical Turbine Area: 1 m) = .5 x .5 x 3.14 = .785 m2  The area of the throat of the HUG is .785 m2: radius is 0.5 meter.

HUG Slab Wave Continue reading HUG Slab Wave

Untapped Hydro Resources

Untapped Hydro Resources

Hydro power once averaged over 20% of U.S. electric power sector net generation in 1970. Over the past decade (2004–2013), hydro power provided an average of 6.8% of U.S. electric power sector net generation. Untapped non-power dam (NPD) resources  will transform small hydro into a major energy source.

The U.S. Administration’s goal is to generate 80% of the nation’s electricity to clean energy sources by 2035 and lead the world in clean energy innovation.

The hydro power resource assessment by the Department of Energy’s Hydropower Program has identified 5,677 sites in the United States with acceptable undeveloped hydro power potential. These sites have a modeled undeveloped capacity of about 30,000 MW. This represents about 40 percent of the existing conventional hydro power capacity.

The 80,000+ non-powered facilities represent the vast majority of dams in the country; more than 90% of dams are used for services, such as regulating water supply and controlling inland navigation, and lack electricity-generating equipment.

non powered dams

An assessment of energy potential from new stream-reach development in the United States led by DOE’s ORNL provides a national picture of the remaining new hydropower development opportunities in U.S. rivers and streams. The assessment concluded that the technical resource potential is 85 GW of capacity. When federally protected lands—national parks, national wild and scenic rivers, and wilderness areas—are excluded, the remaining potential is over 60 GW of capacity or 347 TWh/year of generation.

Power stations can likely be added to many of these dams at a lower cost than creating new powered dam structures. Together, these non-power dam (NPD) facilities could power millions of households and avoid millions of metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions each year.
undeveloped hydroelectric power

Only 3 percent of the nation’s 80,000 dams currently generate electricity, and as we move to a clean energy economy, it is vital that we tap these unused resources. Continue reading Untapped Hydro Resources

Spur Dikes & Rock Vanes

Spur Dikes increase Kinetic Energy


Malawi Kinetic Energy HUGConstructed rocky shoals are used to divert water away from the bank and build a concentrated faster flow.  Spur dikes or rock vanes are used to narrow a widened channel of rapids in order to increase the velocity of the flow. Rock and stone walls are less costly than concrete walls.

Why increase the Velocity of the Flow?

Let’s look outside the box.

Rome in a Box

Is there a better way to increase the velocity of the flow and thereby reduce the size of the system by a factor of eight?
The HUG adds over three times the increase of velocity created from its Vortex. The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power, which results in the lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.
The resulting kinetic energy (KE) would be increased by a power of three: v³ to 6³/2³or 27 times. The 4 knot (2 m/sec) current becomes 6 m/sec in the HUG and the KE increases from 50 kW to 1350 kW for 20,000 homes instead of 500 homes.
{KE (Kinetic Energy) = .5 x Area x v³ x .35 (efficiency)}
The HUG can be configured in arrays of much larger capacity – potentially hundreds of megawatts.

Here is a big bonus.

You have to go through 20 to 25 different regulatory agencies in this country. The HUG Energy System acts in the form not unlike that of a boat, which requires little environmental regulations.

TAP THE VORTEX

OTHER IMPORTANT LINKS

  1. An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
  2. A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
  3. An Agroforestry Intercrop System: LivingWaterIs.com
  4. The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
  5. God’s Loveletters:  Godloveletters.com
  6. Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
  7. Microfinance for womenLivingWaterMicroFinance.org
  8. Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com

https://twitter.com/roaudet

Kipawa Hydro Reservoir

The Kipawa Hydro Reservoir

This large Ottawa River reservoir, built by the Canadian government at the beginning of the last century, is already more than sufficient to add a full-time 70 MW power plant but it would significantly impact the environment. Developed by the Kipawa Reservoir community, this project would be by far the most profitable in Quebec at this time, and would provide a return on investment within just a few years.

Kipawa Hydro HUG

The 132 MW Tabaret project will eliminate the aquatic ecosystem of the Kipawa River to replace and unused 17 MW Unit and a 5 MW plant.

There are other, smarter and more reasonable options for producing hydro power on the Kipawa watershed: the HUG Hydro System. There are two approaches: one uses kinetic energy of moving water of the rapids and the second use the energy of gravity from small waterfalls.

 

Kipawa Hydro HUG Kipawa Hydro HUG Kipawa Hydro HUG Continue reading Kipawa Hydro Reservoir

Lake Chad Recovery

Lake Chad Basin Water Transfer

Lake Chad is located in the far west of Chad and the northeast of Nigeria. Parts of Lake Chad basin also extend to Niger and Cameroon. This is a proposal to transfer water to the Lake Chad Basin over the Mongos Mountains of Central African Republic. This will be accomplished by a series of dams all along the Ouaka River.

Lake Chad is fed mainly by the Chari River through the Logone tributary, which used to provide 90 per cent of its water. It was once Africa’s largest water reservoir in the Sahel region, covering an area of about 26,000 square kilometers bigger than Israel or Kuwait.

 

Lake Chad Recovery

Lake Chad is economically important, providing water to more than 68 million people living in the four countries surrounding it (Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria) on the edge of the Sahara Desert.  Unfortunately, Lake Chad has contracted by a massive 95%. 

The Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) has raised more than $5 million for a feasibility study to supply water from the Congo River Drainage System. This can be accomplished by building a series of dams in order to pump water uphill from the Congo River to the Chari River and then on to Lake Chad.

The important series of dams are built in the Mongos Mountains where there is very little civilization. This system is not unlike a canal system with its series of gates or instead the system used will be a series of dams along the pathway. Since the dams are non-powered, an unlimited amount of rocks and stones can be dynamited from the mountain side. 

 How many dams would be required to raise the water level to 1000 m?  Each dam location would be selected on how narrow the valley would be.  It may take as many as 10 dams each raising the level by  an average of 100 m.

Because Lake Chad is very shallow—only 10.5 metres (34 ft) at its deepest—its area is particularly sensitive to small changes in average depth. The surface area is 26,000 km2 x  The water level of Lake Chad must be raised to another 5 meters x 26,000 km² . This is equivalent to 1.3e+10 square meters.

Lake Chad RecoveryChad Lake Recovery

One 1.5 m pipe normally delivers water at the rate of 2.65 m/sec. The water transfer pipeline of a set of three HUG spiraling pipes has a 1.5 m width each and an area of 1.75 m2 x 3 = 5.3 m2 x 2.65 m/sec = 14 m3/sec normally : 1.3e+10 m²÷ 14 m3/sec = 92,800,000 seconds or 1074 days for full recovery. 

 

HUG Kinetic Energy
KINETIC ENERGY

Continue reading Lake Chad Recovery

TRUE ENERGY TRANSFORMATION

How can we deliver true energy transformation to the world?

“An investment in a true energy transformation requires governments, research institutions, businesses, and private investors to work together.”


imperative action needed

The world is going to be using 50 percent more energy by mid-century than it does today.

Bill Gates, the co-founder of Microsoft, has emerged as a force for innovation:  “No Investor or group of investors can do this alone. Breakthrough Energy is committed to encouraging a broad network of public and private capital to work together to solve the problem. An investment in a true energy transformation requires governments, research institutions, businesses, and private investors to work together.”

“The Breakthrough Energy Coalition created BEV to address some of those challenges in the energy market. We are willing to wait a longer time for returns than other funds. Finally, the fund is committed to discovering breakthroughs, wherever they are.” 

“We must stop looking for business plans and look instead at the innovation after all it is the innovation and not how the owner of the IP will run a business which will stop CO2 emissions.”

https://www.gatesnotes.com/Energy/Breakthrough-Energy-Ventures

The HUG: a True Energy Transformation

Which renewable energy source has the most potential?

  1. The HUG is feasible, renewable and clean alternative for low cost power production.  An estimated 10 million people live mostly in urban areas along the banks of the river in any under developed country.hug energy system hug energy system
  1. Only 3 percent of the nation’s 80,000 dams currently generate power. An Energy Department-funded study found that 12,000 megawatts of hydroelectric generating capacity could be added to existing dams around the country.

The HUG System

Continue reading TRUE ENERGY TRANSFORMATION