DAMLESS HYDRO ELECTRIC ENERGY

 DAMLESS HYDRO ELECTRIC ENERGY

DAMLESS HYDRO ELECTRIC ENERGY

New damless hydro electric energy invention will change the way we power the world.DAMLESS HYDRO ELECTRIC ENERGY

Which renewable energy source has the most potential? Mankind has been benefiting from the “energy of moving water…since before the Roman Empire” to power waterwheels for mills.  Today the global renewable energy industry is worth $615 billion. Today it is probably wind or solar, whose technologies are falling precipitously and making those investments economical. However, don’t discount hydro power, which now accounts for about 10% of the electricity and which could also grow in the coming decades.

 “Let’s not lose sight of what we know for certain about hydro power — it has greatly contributed to a healthier environment and economic prosperity and can sustainability grow to do more. Hydro power provides many benefits in the fight to address climate change and for cleaner air,” says the National Hydropower Association. 

Base level electricity is a requirement. Most hydro power facilities can quickly go from zero power to maximum output, making them ideal for meeting sudden changes in demand for electricity. 

The US government is so focused at other renewable sources of energy like wind and solar, it may be overlooking the contributing potential of hydroelectricity. More investment into damless hydro is the key to its development into a feasible renewable and clean alternative for power production.

The advocacy group points to a US Department of Energy (DOE) report that says the energy form could grow by 50,000 megawatts by 2050. That, in turn, would cut greenhouse gas emissions by 112,000 metric tons of CO2/megawatt and save $4.2 billion/megawatt in avoided damages from heat-trapping emissions. 

The next phase of hydro power, however, will focus on smaller hydro units that are less disruptive environmentally but still useful in supplying electricity to remote areas. A 2007 Electric Power Research Institute study estimated that there is a potential for adding a 300 megawatts of damless hydro power in the US by 2025.  Meanwhile, at least 100 countries are developing small hydro plants, with the most potential in the former Soviet Union, South Asia and South America.

Only 3 percent of the nation’s 80,000 dams currently generate power. An Energy Department-funded study found that 12,000 megawatts of hydroelectric generating capacity could be added to existing dams around the country.decommissioned dams maynard dam DAMLESS HYDRO ELECTRIC ENERGY

The conventional way to produce hydroelectricity is through dams, but construction is expensive. Dams leave big footprints and can cause local populations to disperse. While dams are used to irrigate farms and supply water to cities, they are also responsible for displacing people and costing livelihoods as reservoirs occupy once-useful land.

More recently, hydro has been criticized for increasing heat-trapping emissions. Critics say that hydroelectric dams produce significant levels of carbon dioxide and methane; artificial greenhouse gas emissions could be from rotting vegetation behind the dams.

Perhaps the most fruitful activity will come from those smaller so-called run-of-the-river facilities. They generate power by redirecting the river’s flow using distributed hydro power units that include underwater watermills. While such technology is dependent on stream flow and access to power lines, it does not require the construction of dams that block water and kill off aquatic life.

In contrast, kinetic hydro power is dam-less hydro power that is converted from energy found in the flowing water currents of oceans, tides, rivers and man-made channels or conduits. Free Flow systems are turnkey renewable energy solutions that employ underwater turbines to generate electricity from the natural water currents. The systems do not require dams, impoundments or major civil works. They operate automatically, fully underwater and invisible from shore.

Free flow systems can be scaled for use in a wide range of sites worldwide because of its simple and modular design. Resembling and operating is similar to present-day wind turbines.

Turbines deployed in rivers are fixed and generate power on the continuous flow of the river throughout the day, providing nearly ‘24-hour power’. This would be welcome news for the estimated 10 million people that live mostly in urban areas along the banks of the river in any under developed country, as conventional renewable sources for electricity generation are very limited for local off grid applications.

Small-to-medium scale projects provide greater benefits, especially when they are owned and run locally. With relatively little initial investment required, they can quickly produce economic benefits, creating jobs, reducing economic dependency and ensuring a reliable and sustainable energy future. They provide local people with more control over their day-to-day lives and engage them in decision-making processes. In short, as well as supplying power, locally owned renewable energy schemes can also empower marginalized communities.

Other Hydro Energy Systems

Hydro power costs less than most energy sources. It is now the leading source of renewable energy, although wind and solar are fast on its heels. Still, hydro could expand its market as well.  

hydro energyRiverStarTurbines

Each RiverStar has a generating capacity of up to 50 kilowatts in a 4 knot (2 m/sec) current. 

hydro energy Hydro Green Energy hydro energyOpen Hydro

Hydro Green Energy installed a 35 kW turbine near Hastings, MN on the Mississippi River. The problem with this particular approach is the high cost related to its weight and size ($.07/kWh), while the Open Hydro Tidal Turbine cost $0.53/kWh for 500 homes. Why so costly?  The newest system weighs 1000 tons and is five stories high.

The HUG System

Imagine two, three or twenty of these barges strung along a river one behind the other without environmental impact.  hydro energyHUG Energy System

Most inventions are not usually new: this new HUG (Helical Unique Generation) invention is a combination of two inventions: the Gorlov helical turbine (1992), which is the child of the Darrieus turbine (1926), and vortex technology. A vortex pathway into which helical turbines are placed creates a marriage of these two inventions. The water flows into a pencil-shaped construction and drives turbines in its path.

Individual units come in a variety of sizes ranging from 1.6 kW (for cottages,  resorts or campsites). 

portable hug
Portable HUG: 300 mm (11.5”) x 19.8′: 13 Amps (1.6 kW) –  in rapids (2 m/sec) for 2 homes: Suggested Retail Price: from $1,950 US  (1 m/sec: yields 0.5 kW)

HUG gives you up to 13 Amp system:  This system provides a low wattage kettle – just under 3 amps, 2 fridges- just under one amp; a Truma electric water heater and a host of other appliances. Daily Cost: FREE

Kinetic water power systems are an emerging technology. Turbines are placed in the river and use only the existing water flow, without a head, to generate electricity. Kinetic systems are generally used for smaller scale projects such as a remote cottages or resorts because they don’t utilize the vortex of the water flow.

HUG Vortex

Now our hydro energy barge system is smaller and creates higher velocity: the secret is the vortex! Laminar flow is created in the HUG with almost zero friction because a boundary layer is created, where the flow never touches the inside of the HUG pipeline system. This energy, which this current form ‘generates’, can be seen in any tornado.

The HUG adds over three times the increase of velocity created from its vortex. The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power, which results in the lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.

The resulting kinetic energy would be increased by a power of three: v3  to 63/23 or 27 times.  The 4 knot (2 m/sec) current becomes 6 m/sec in the HUG and the KE increases from 50 kW to 1350 kW for 20,000 homes.

{KE (Kinetic Energy) = .5 x Area x v3 x .35 (efficiency)}

The HUG can be configured in arrays of much larger capacity – potentially hundreds of megawatts. 

KINETIC HYDRO POWER

 

Untapped Hydro Resources

OTHER IMPORTANT LINKS

  1. An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
  2. A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
  3. An Agroforestry Intercrop System: LivingWaterIs.com
  4. The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
  5. God’s Loveletters:  Godloveletters.com
  6. Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
  7. Microfinance for womenLivingWaterMicroFinance.org
  8. Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com

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