The lack of adequate safe (potable) water supplies for basic human needs is a significant problem throughout Haiti, although surface and ground water resources are abundant. This situation leads to increased competition for limited resources. Several of the main reasons for this situation are:
- uneven rainfall distribution;
- degradation of the watersheds caused by deforestation;
- rapid growth in urban areas with demand beyond capacity;
- poor distribution networks;
- poor water resources management;
- no single agency responsible for management of water ;
- lack of adequate data needed to make informed decisions;
- poor irrigation supply network leading to underdevelopment;
- lack of wastewater treatment and solid waste disposal.
Most of the streams are relatively small and less than 100 kilometers long. With each passing year, the rivers and streams flow more like torrents and less like stable permanent rivers. The largest natural lake in the country is Étang Saumâtre has no outlet, and contains brackish water. Many of the smaller natural lakes that exist throughout the country also contain brackish water.
About 54 percent of the population lives in abject poverty. Based on 1997 estimates, the unemployment rate in a work force of approximately 3.6 million is about 38 percent.
Only 61.7% of the population have jobs but these are the working poor as many make only $3.10 per day. Women are least likely to go to school or have a job. Violence against women is common with 22.8% of women reporting abuse – what of the abuse that goes unreported? Of course the issue of “restavek” children or child slavery persists despite national and international laws. It is a socially accepted norm to sell children ages 5-15 and to make then work for no pay, to deny them the opportunity to attend school and results in children being abused both physically and sexually.
In Cite Soleil – the largest slum in Haiti is 3 square miles and has about 200-300,000 people. Most are unemployed and the vast majority are children. In Haiti 65% of the people are under 25 years old. The children live in extreme hunger and are exposed to gang violence, high risk for HIV/AIDS, no opportunity for an education, no sewer system and rat infestations. On average – nine people live in one shack.
Most people who live in the slums state their biggest fear is violence – especially for women and girls (Haugen and Boutros, 2014). In the slums, this problem is rampant; acts of violence are intentionally hidden, legal protection is non-existent and violence keeps the poor from ever escaping poverty.
Water supply for Port-au-Prince, the most populated area in Haiti, is poor. In 1995 only about 35 percent of the nearly 2.5 million inhabitants had access to the water system. Most receive water only twice a week. The lack of service is attributed to
- system losses associated with the age of the distribution system and theft of service, estimated at 60 percent;
- interruptions in the power supply to the wells and pumps; and
- contamination of water sources.
Over the past 10 years, heavy migration from rural areas to towns and cities has seriously affected the housing situation. Epidemics including malaria, typhoid, chronic diarrhea, and intestinal infections are caused by water contaminated by rubbish and fecal matter. Infants are especially vulnerable to these diseases, accounting for the death of up to one-third of all children before the age of five.
The Port-au-Prince municipal water system supplies water to about one-third of the population. The main sources of water for the municipal water system are 18 springs in the hills south of the city. These sources are facing several major problems that are decreasing the quality and quantity of the water entering the municipal water system. All of the springs are reported to be contaminated by biological contamination from human and solid wastes with a couple of the springs being too polluted to be used.
HERE LIES THE SOLUTION
Northern and windward slopes of mountainous areas of Dominican Republic commonly receive two to three times as much precipitation as leeward slopes of Haiti.(This accounts for the seasonal drought-like conditions of Haiti.) Here lies the solution to our problem.
Based on the vortex or a physical phenomena of the Spiral:
How much money to solve the water crisis?
Most people are taking a serious look at the numbers within the context of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) to “reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015.”
The World Bank offers a range of cost estimates to reach MDG goals. They estimate the cost of reaching “basic levels of coverage…in water and sanitation” to be $9 billion at the low end, and $30 billion a year for “achieving universal coverage” for water and sanitation.
The United Nations Development Program estimates the cost of meeting the MGD to be about $10 billion a year.”
A Case Study
To give you an idea of the extent of present project prices, in South Dakota, Minnesota, and Iowa, construction on a 400-mile water pipeline is about to be underway. The Lewis and Clark Rural Water System consists of five reservoirs and seven pump stations, supplying and delivering over 27.2 million gallons of water per day (1.2 m3/s) to communities within the tri-state area. The water will be extracted from a series of wells along the Missouri River and will supply over 200,000 people (at $1,800 each) with high quality drinking water. The cost of this project is estimated at about $360 million and will take 10 to 12 years to complete.
Water Transfer Privatization has Failed.
Water shortages are caused by lack of political will, institutional obstruction, greed, corruption and chains from the past.
Millions of people could have to wait years for clean water as some of the world’s largest companies pull out of developing countries because of growing doubts about privatization projects, a major UN report reveals today.
Last week Suez, one of the world’s largest water companies, said that it was now impossible for it to work in Latin America. One of the chief executive of Suez Environment, which has major contracts in Argentina, Bolivia and Haiti, said: “We are not a political organization, but how can we do our job if the political system in countries changes its mind so often?
The world’s largest water companies are not solving the water crisis, so what should we do?
Not Privatization of Water: Public-Private Partnerships
But where does the fuel or profit come from? It comes from Public-Private Partnerships, which introduces a meaningful private sector involvement. This can be done in at least two of the following three structural elements: design, build, or operate, one of which must include operate.
Living Water Is Corporation will initiate and bring together private financing with its associate partners.
Once completed, the underdeveloped country will then lease the facility back to the private partner under a long-term lease. The private partner involved in the design and construction of the infrastructure has an opportunity to earn a reasonable 10% to 15% real pre-tax equity return. That means the underdeveloped country shares in the other 85% to 90%.
How different will the HUG technology be?
Presently, excess fresh water is wasted as it flows into the ocean. Present technology of water transfer is limited to 80 km between pumping stations. No one has considered the possibility of transferring fresh water through the ocean over a distance of ten times that limitation of 80 km. One can float these pipelines at a depth of 30 meters in an ocean environment, which allows one country to sell its excess water to another country over a long distance.
Water Shortages: New Patented Pipelines, SPIRAL*, a Solution?
A little known secret is that water never wants to flow in a straight line as in the case of present pipelines. Instead, the molecules of water wants to align itself in a vortex not unlike how the water leaves your bathtub — in a whirlpool configuration.
So the new technology simply creates an environment where the water flows in a corkscrew fashion, but at four times the speed and with little or no friction. The sides of the pipeline have similar striations as found in the rifling contours inside the barrel of a rifle.
HELPING SOLVE WORLD’S CARBON POLLUTION
A Full Scale Aquaponic Tree Nursery in Africa supported by:
- A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
- An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
- A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
- An Agroforestry Intercrop System: LivingWaterIs.com
- The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
- God’s Loveletters: Godloveletters.com
- Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
- Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com
Stage 1 Today’s Tall Trees Nursery: Carbon Tax Fund
Stage 2 Agricultural Mechanization
Stage 3 Micro Finance & Landlord Cooperatives
Stage 4 Irrigation in Remote Areas using kinetic energy from moving water.
Stage 5 Electricity Created in Remote Areas using moving water without the use of a dam.