Lake Chad Basin Water Transfer
Lake Chad is located in the far west of Chad and the northeast of Nigeria. Parts of Lake Chad basin also extend to Niger and Cameroon. This is a proposal to transfer water to the Lake Chad Basin over the Mongos Mountains of Central African Republic. This will be accomplished by a series of dams all along the Ouaka River.
Lake Chad is fed mainly by the Chari River through the Logone tributary, which used to provide 90 per cent of its water. It was once Africa’s largest water reservoir in the Sahel region, covering an area of about 26,000 square kilometers bigger than Israel or Kuwait.
Lake Chad is economically important, providing water to more than 68 million people living in the four countries surrounding it (Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria) on the edge of the Sahara Desert. Unfortunately, Lake Chad has contracted by a massive 95%.
The Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) has raised more than $5 million for a feasibility study to supply water from the Congo River Drainage System. This can be accomplished by building a series of dams in order to pump water uphill from the Congo River to the Chari River and then on to Lake Chad.
The important series of dams are built in the Mongos Mountains where there is very little civilization. This system is not unlike a canal system with its series of gates or instead the system used will be a series of dams along the pathway. Since the dams are non-powered, an unlimited amount of rocks and stones can be dynamited from the mountain side.
How many dams would be required to raise the water level to 1000 m? Each dam location would be selected on how narrow the valley would be. It may take as many as 10 dams each raising the level by an average of 100 m.
Because Lake Chad is very shallow—only 10.5 metres (34 ft) at its deepest—its area is particularly sensitive to small changes in average depth. The surface area is 26,000 km2 x The water level of Lake Chad must be raised to another 5 meters x 26,000 km² . This is equivalent to 1.3e+10 square meters.
One 1.5 m pipe normally delivers water at the rate of 2.65 m/sec. The water transfer pipeline of a set of three HUG spiraling pipes has a 1.5 m width each and an area of 1.75 m2 x 3 = 5.3 m2 x 2.65 m/sec = 14 m3/sec normally : 1.3e+10 m²÷ 14 m3/sec = 92,800,000 seconds or 1074 days for full recovery.
How much electricity would be required for ten such dams? The velocity of the flow of the pumps is 14 m3/sec, where the water must be raised to an average head of 100 m. Each dam will need 3.6 MW in order to pump water at the flow rate of 14 m3/sec. Ten such dams would require 36 MW, but the electricity to power the pumping is limited only to number of HUG Kinetic Energy Systems.
The power needed to transfer the water to an upper level at the dam would depend on the height each of the required dam in the series. Each HUG Energy System is capable of producing 1.35 MW and they can be configured in arrays of much larger capacity – potentially hundreds of MW. For our immediate needs, we can build a series of 27 HUG Energy Systems. These systems produce base level electricity 24/7 unlike wind turbines, which are capable of producing 1.65 MW totaling to 24.75 MW in all only when the wind blows.
The following steps must be done in order to transfer water from the Ubangi River to the Chari River Drainage System:
- Build a series of non-power dams of stone and rock beginning at 120 km from the Ubangi River.
- Excavate the river bed of the Ouaka River so that the water flow reverses toward this dam.
- Build a series of electric transmission lines to each dam in order to power the pump station.
- Excavate the source of the Ouaka River so that the water flow reverses toward the Chari River.
- Install a series of HUG Kinetic Energy System on the Ubangi River after barricading two of three inlets at the islands in the river.
Here is another Huge Benefit:
We have just introduced much needed base level electricity in an area of the country deft of any power. Banqui, (Bangi in English), the capital and largest city of the Central African Republic with an estimated population of 734,350 will have access to additional inexpensive power. Nearby towns will also benefit.
OTHER IMPORTANT LINKS
- An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
- A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
- An Agroforestry Intercrop System: LivingWaterIs.com
- The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
- God’s Loveletters: Godloveletters.com
- Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
- Microfinance for women: LivingWaterMicroFinance.org
- Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com