Tag Archives: climate change

SEVEN BILLION TREES

LET’S DEAL WITH GLOBAL WARMING NOW!

Let us examine the 80% of allocated funds ($720 million of $900 million) of the world to other than Africa. Does this breakdown address the highest need to deal with Global Warming? It would appear that all these agencies are off the mark to “helping countries build Resilience to climate change’s impacts.“ Building this kind of Resilience is like locking the stable door after the horse has been stolen.

 What comes first? An Emission absorption solution or manufacturing of face masks for everyone.  The situation cannot be changed by improving security after a major theft. We must deal with the Security Problem first! The door (Our world as we know it) cannot be vulnerable to attack.

To correct the problem we must fix the barn door (Emission absorption Solution) or harness the horse (Reduce Emissions). Now we really must catch the horse (Solve the emission problem), but very few people (the Millennium Development Goals Achievement Fund (MDG-F) are searching for the horse. This includes all of the participants starting from the largest: UNDP, UNICEF, FAO, UNESCO, ILO, UNFPA, WFP, UNIDO, UNWOMEN, PAHO/WHO and IOM.

In the meantime, our governments are simply thinking about taxing some polluters a little and readjusting the tax to keep it neutral. Our Governments are only talking to locksmiths. In other words, they are not addressing the problem at all. (Remember: the horse has already bolted).

 Carbon Emission to be Solved

The world leaders must find a way to absorb carbon dioxide emissions that is in our atmosphere now. Trees and soils are the only way to absorb the present glut of CO2 in your world.

Presently these funds are improperly managed because they attempt to make the tax neutral by redirecting the fund for tax rebates to working families, cutting sales tax and reducing the tax on manufacturing. All this is very admirable but it doesn’t solve the high concentration of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere, which is presently causing global warming.

SEVEN BILLION TREES

The Funds to Finance Rehabilitation

There are two sources of funds based on two different methods of absorbing carbon emissions: one from biochar in soils and the other from planting of trees.

On one hectare of farm land of 500 trees:

  1. Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) Fund for BIOCHAR IN SOILS

SEVEN BILLION TREES

LND Fund seeks to mobilize US$2 billion annually; they estimate that the average cost of land rehabilitation is $100- $150/haIn Africa, five countries have voluntary committed to LND including Algeria, Chad, Ethiopia, Namibia and Senegal.

  • 500 trees/hectare will yield 50 tons of Carbon from branches and weeds or (50 tons x ⅓) 16.7 tons of COemission absorption from the production of BIOCHAR.
  • The value of the capture of carbon in the form of Biocharis $250/year at the tax rate of $15/ton. (The LDN Fund offers $150/year based on $10/ton of carbon emissions.)

SEVEN BILLION TREES

  1. The Carbon Tax Fund for TREES: the fund can support 500 trees for a total cost of $200/year for a period of 25 years plus an initial $750:

SEVEN BILLION TREES

SEVEN BILLION TREES

  • There will be 500 trees with a NPV of $0.50/tree to $2.50/tree: at the rate of $15/ton, the Net Present Value (NPV) is $200/year.
  • Add $1.00/tree for reporting and auditing for 25 years (that’s a one-off total – not per year): $500 to be monitored by Living Water MicroFinance Inc. for 25 years.SEVEN BILLION TREES

This part of the fund will support each 1.5 acre farm that will have access to $150/year in the form of micro finance assistance complements of the Carbon Tax Fund. Each $150 will be recycled nine times for a total of $1,350.

SEVEN BILLION TREES

Carbon Tax NOT Enough

ALL THE FUNDS WILL BE DIRECTED TO THE PRODUCTION OF TREE NURSERIES IN AFRICA: $80,000/TODAY’S TALL TREE NURSERY

SEVEN BILLION TREES

SEVEN BILLION TREES

 

SOME GOVERNMENTS HAVE TREATED FORESTS GENEROUSLY

Farmers who plant trees get generous payments for 15 years. The rate in England is £1.28 ($1.72) per tree, plus grants for fences and gates.

With perhaps 20 years to go before conifers are harvested, they often sell to pension funds and other investors.

NEAR-DEATH EXPERIENCES

PROOF OF HEAVEN

 

SLASHING CARBON EMISSIONS

THE ECONOMIC CASE 

Cutting emissions will not be enough to keep global warming in check.

Greenhouse gases must be scrubbed from the air.billions trees AfricaNo one in power is listening to the climate skeptics anymore.

One discovery after another suggests the world is warming faster, and climate damages are appearing sooner, than anyone had expected. Much of the policy discussion so far has been aimed at keeping the atmospheric concentration of CO2 below 450 parts per million (ppm) — which was until recently thought to be low enough to prevent dangerous levels of warming. But paleoclimatic evidence shows 450 ppm is the threshold for transition to an ice-free earth. This would imply a catastrophic rise in sea levels, eventually flooding all coastal cities and regions.

‘350’: THE MOST IMPORTANT NUMBER IN THE WORLDCARBON EMISSION SOLUTIONS

To avoid reaching such a crisis stage, climate scientists now call for stabilizing CO2 concentrations at 350 ppm. The world is now around 390 ppm and rising.

Some scientists and activists believe that a concentration of over 350 parts-per-million of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could lead to feedback loops (the release of methane from Arctic permafrost, for example) that could make warming almost impossible to stop. 

A British team demonstrated that coral reefs won’t survive acidified waters unless we get  CO2 concentrations back down below 360 ppm.

COST ESTIMATES

Many economic models find that the modest steps called for in recent U.S. proposals would have very small costs and virtually undetectable effects on total employment.
The needed emissions reductions will cost an average of 1 to 3 percent of world economic output, for some years to come. Economic growth would be increased by a program of public investment in green technology and emissions reduction that leads to 350 ppm.
The net costs of reducing carbon emissions (i.e. investment costs, minus the value of energy saved) go down when the price of oil goes up, and vice versa. One estimate of eliminating more than half of world emissions would have zero total cost if the price of oil were $90 per barrel.

DECIDING WHETHER IT’S WORTH THE PRICE

We can actually afford to protect the climate, and leave a livable world to future generations.
The range of cost estimates for reaching 350 ppm, combined with uncertainties about oil prices and future technologies, make it difficult to choose a single estimate of the total economic cost. Suppose that, for the sake of argument, 2.5 percent of world output must be spent on climate stabilization for years to come. Is that an unacceptably large number?
In 68 countries, military spending exceeds 2.5 percent of GDP. In the United States and China, the top greenhouse gas emitters, military spending absorbs more than 4 percent of GDP. Both countries would be safer, not more vulnerable, if they diverted half of their defense spending to defense against climate crisis.

That target is a smart investment — and the best insurance policy humanity could buy.

CLIMATE RISK AND INSURANCE

Think about climate risk as an insurance problem. You don’t buy fire insurance because you’re sure your house will burn down; rather, you are not, and cannot be, sure enough that it will not burn down. Only we know that, in fact, the house will burn down.
The climate crisis challenges us to do it again, to invent the new technologies and industries that will transform life in the mid-21st century and beyond. We know it’s possible: We can afford to protect the climate, and leave a livable world to future generations.

WILL THE WORLD JOIN IN?

carbon emissions solutions

The developing world is ‘not joining-in with CO2  emission reductions nor does it have any intention of doing so.

carbon emission solutions

NEWS FLASH

In a stunning turnaround, Britain moves to end the burning of coal

Britain is phasing out its coal-burning power plants, with the last one slated to be shuttered by 2025, if not sooner. It is a startling development for the nation that founded an industrial revolution powered by coal.

The British government has also enacted a law consistent with this range, requiring emissions reductions of 34 percent below 1990 levels by 2022, which would be upped to 42 percent if the world reaches a global climate agreement in Copenhagen in December.

Paris to Ban Fossil Fuel Cars by 2030

Paris announced it will ban all gas- and diesel-fueled cars within city limits by 2030, allowing only electric vehicles onto its streets.

MORE DETAILS:

Agroforestry could help solve Climate Change.

HELPING SOLVE WORLD’S CARBON POLLUTION

New Trees are the only solution to soaking up Carbon Dioxide:

tree growth

A Full Scale Aquaponic Tree Nursery in Africa supported by:

  • A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
  • An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
  • Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com
  • An Agroforestry Inter crop System: LivingWaterIs.com
  • The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
  • God’s Loveletters:  Godloveletters.com
  • Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
  • https://twitter.com/roaudet

    OUR STRATEGY

    Stage 1     Agricultural Mechanization of Africa                        
    Stage 2   Today’s Tall Trees Nursery: Carbon Tax Fund 
    Stage 3   Micro Finance & Landlord Cooperatives 
    Stage 4   Irrigation in Remote Areas using kinetic energy from moving water.
    Stage 5   Electricity Created in Remote Areas using moving water without the use of a dam.

NEAR-DEATH EXPERIENCES

PROOF OF HEAVEN

 

Carbon Tax NOT Enough

Carbon emissionsCarbon Tax Failure: NOT Enough

There is a failure of the press to cover urgency of carbon tax. Carbon should not flow unpriced into the atmosphere, any more than you should be allowed to toss your garbage in the street. It makes no sense that the fossil fuel industry is allowed to put out their waste for free, using the atmosphere as an open sewer.

Nearly all of those decisions share a common, crucial element: they are shaped, by the relative prices of available energy choices. The only way to get enough change is to send a price signal so that everyone from investors to car buyers will change their behavior automatically:  a kind of perpetual motion machine. 

A straightforward plan is simply to tax carbon directly. Canada has introduced the gradual approach of a $10/ton of carbon emissions to finally get the ball rolling, while some of the provinces have elected to increase this tax to $30/ton.  In the meantime, Exxon has been planning for $50 a ton to make sure it won’t put a crimp in their business.  

Yes, carbon tax is inevitable but one thing stands in the way: PRICE POINT.  If we want to move the needle, we have to move the market. We need a top down message. A steadily rising tax on fossil fuels will send a strong price signal. A proposed carbon tax pending in the New York state legislature (A.B. 8372:  proposes to increase the tax gradually from $35 to $185 per ton.) 

Is that the only thing that needs to be done?

To keep the pressure on carbon emissions, a “fee-and-dividend” approach sets a price on carbon, and then rebates all the revenue straight to citizens, perhaps even sending them a monthly check. Yes, the price we pay at the pump goes up but the check covers the increased cost.  It’s called revenue neutrality.

 It’s one arrow in a quiver full of other arrows we’re going to need. As we see temperatures shattering new records every month, we need to do everything:  not just a price on carbon, but dramatic subsidies for renewables to speed their spread.

We know what to do, but building a will to do it seems like an insuperable obstacle.

The definition of quixotic: foolishly impractical especially in the pursuit of ideals especially marked by rash lofty romantic ideas or extravagantly chivalrous action.  Our rash ideas are bringing us to the opposite direction with no change in sight.

The clock ticks and each month we lose ground and face a warmer future and a bigger challenge to reign in green house gas effects on our life support on this planet. Building such an effort requires an international cooperation far beyond anything accomplished thus far, with an effort comparable to, or greater than, World War II.

In the pre-industrial global carbon cycle before 1750, there was zero carbon change. It was not unlike a chemical equilibrium that automatically balances itself.

CARBON TAX NOT ENOUGH CARBON TAX NOT ENOUGH

Carbon cycle for the 1990’s: in billions of tons of CO2

Our CO2 emission debt is still in the RED. This does not even consider the mounting debt load that has already accumulated in the global carbon cycle, as we witness temperatures shattering new records every month.

Fossil fuels emit only 3% of total CO2 emissions. 95% comes from rotting vegetation. The dead wood and weeds can’t simply be stored in air tight underground. Burying a biomass will eventually result is methane, which is 23 times more harmful to the climate: it will inevitably attract termites which would mess up the project by puncturing holes in the airtight burial chambers.

There is an easier solution. If you heat this wood properly, the resulting by product is charcoal. Charcoal applied to agricultural land increases the fertility of the soil. This has been used in the past by Indians in the pre-Columbian Amazon basin. Continue reading Carbon Tax NOT Enough