Tag Archives: ENERGY

Ireland and Scotland Wave Energy

Ireland and Scotland Wave Energy Potential

HUG Wave Energy

The HUG Ireland and Scotland Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of Ireland and Scotland at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

IRELAND: Ballymore

Ireland Scotland Wave Energy
Ireland Wave Energy: Ballymore West

SCOTLAND: Brue and Barvas

Continue reading Ireland and Scotland Wave Energy

Mexico Wave Energy

The Mexico Wave Energy Potential

HUG Wave Energy

The HUG Mexico Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of Mexico at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

Mexico Wave Energy
Mexico Wave Energy: Bajo de Arenal

Continue reading Mexico Wave Energy

Chili Wave Energy

The Chili Wave Energy Potential

HUG Wave Energy

The HUG Chili Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of Chili at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

Chili Wave Energy
Chili Wave Energy: Pichilemu
Chili Wave Energy
Chili Wave Energy: Cobquecura
Chili Wave Energy
Chili Wave Energy: Purema

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AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND WAVE ENERGY

Australia & New Zealand Wave Energy 

HUG Wave Energy

The HUG Australia and New Zealand Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of Australia and New Zealand at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

AUSTRALIA

Australian Wave Energy
Australian Wave Energy

NEW ZEALAND

New Zealand Ocean Wave Energy
New Zealand Wave Energy: Opunake

Continue reading AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND WAVE ENERGY

CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

The California Wave Energy Potential

HUG Wave Energy

The HUG California Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of California at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

California Ocean Wave Energy
California Ocean Wave Energy: Caspar
California Ocean Wave Energy
California Ocean Wave Energy: Klamath Mountains
California Ocean Wave Energy
California Ocean Wave Energy: Stewarts Point

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

HUG Artificial Reef Electricity

Artificial Reefs

OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

The HUG Artificial Reef is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean waves to the islands of the world at a very low cost.

HUG Artificial Reef ElectricityArtificial reefs, at 4, have long been on the forefront of surfers’ minds.  They can create very high slab waves, at 1.

 

HUG Artificial Reef Electricity

This is how a wave builds after it hits a focus point. The parallel wave fronts arriving at the coast need to be deflected on an angle over a head or focus, called a pointbreak. Continue reading HUG Artificial Reef Electricity

HUG Slab Wave

Slab Wave Potential

 

OCEAN WAVE ENERGY
OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

A slab is a piece of reef that sticks out in deep water or deep water sits behind it. Most slabs break in the same spot.  In the figure below, the HUG slab wave, 1, moves fast and hits a shallow reef, 4, at full speed. It lifts out of nowhere within seconds. HUG Slab waves are heavy reef breaks coming out of deep water and breaking in very shallow water. As a thick lip unloads on a shelf, the water doesn’t have anywhere to go but upwards overtopping into a reservoir with all their open-ocean energy intact. That energy gets focused as the depth suddenly decreases.

HUG Slab Wave

Acceleration = a = g (acceleration of gravity) = 9.8 m3/sec                                                                      (Final Velocity)2 = 2 x a x s

In the summer, the head of water is 1.5 m from water forcing through the automatic gates of the artificial reef:

Final Velocity = 5.42 m/sec for 1.5 m drop (s):

 In the winter, the head of water is 5 m from water washing over the walls of the artificial reef:

Final Velocity = 9.9 m/sec for 5 m drop (s) of the crest to sea level.

       Wave heights during storms may exceed 10 meters (33 feet)

Continue reading HUG Slab Wave

Untapped Hydro Resources

Untapped Hydro Potential

Hydro power once averaged over 20% of U.S. electric power sector net generation in 1970. Over the past decade (2004–2013), hydro power provided an average of 6.8% of U.S. electric power sector net generation. Untapped non-power dam (NPD) resources  will transform small hydro into a major energy source.

The U.S. Administration’s goal is to generate 80% of the nation’s electricity to clean energy sources by 2035 and lead the world in clean energy innovation.

The hydro power resource assessment by the Department of Energy’s Hydropower Program has identified 5,677 sites in the United States with acceptable undeveloped hydro power potential. These sites have a modeled undeveloped capacity of about 30,000 MW. This represents about 40 percent of the existing conventional hydro power capacity.

The 80,000+ non-powered facilities represent the vast majority of dams in the country; more than 90% of dams are used for services, such as regulating water supply and controlling inland navigation, and lack electricity-generating equipment.

non powered dams

An assessment of energy potential from new stream-reach development in the United States led by DOE’s ORNL provides a national picture of the remaining new hydropower development opportunities in U.S. rivers and streams. The assessment concluded that the technical resource potential is 85 GW of capacity. When federally protected lands—national parks, national wild and scenic rivers, and wilderness areas—are excluded, the remaining potential is over 60 GW of capacity or 347 TWh/year of generation. Continue reading Untapped Hydro Resources

Spur Dikes & Rock Vanes

Spur Dikes increase Kinetic Energy


Malawi Kinetic Energy HUGConstructed rocky shoals are used to divert water away from the bank and build a concentrated faster flow.  Spur dikes or rock vanes are used to narrow a widened channel of rapids in order to increase the velocity of the flow. Rock and stone walls are less costly than concrete walls.

Why increase the Velocity of the Flow?

Let’s look outside the box.

Rome in a Box

Is there a better way to increase the velocity of the flow and thereby reduce the size of the system by a factor of eight?
The HUG adds over three times the increase of velocity created from its Vortex. The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power, which results in the lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.
The resulting kinetic energy (KE) would be increased by a power of three: v³ to 6³/2³or 27 times. The 4 knot (2 m/sec) current becomes 6 m/sec in the HUG and the KE increases from 50 kW to 1350 kW for 20,000 homes instead of 500 homes.
{KE (Kinetic Energy) = .5 x Area x v³ x .35 (efficiency)}
The HUG can be configured in arrays of much larger capacity – potentially hundreds of megawatts.

Here is a big bonus.

Continue reading Spur Dikes & Rock Vanes

Kipawa Hydro Reservoir

The Kipawa Hydro Potential

This large Ottawa River reservoir, built by the Canadian government at the beginning of the last century, is already more than sufficient to add a full-time 70 MW power plant but it would significantly impact the environment. Developed by the Kipawa Reservoir community, this project would be by far the most profitable in Quebec at this time, and would provide a return on investment within just a few years.

Kipawa Hydro HUG

The 132 MW Tabaret project will eliminate the aquatic ecosystem of the Kipawa River to replace and unused 17 MW Unit and a 5 MW plant.

There are other, smarter and more reasonable options for producing hydro power on the Kipawa watershed: the HUG Hydro System. There are two approaches: one uses kinetic energy of moving water of the rapids and the second use the energy of gravity from small waterfalls.

 

Kipawa Hydro HUG Continue reading Kipawa Hydro Reservoir