Tag Archives: Island

Electrified Vehicles: Battery or Hydrogen

GOOD WORD FOR THE ELECTRIC CAR

Over the next 30 years we will see automobiles fully electrify. Gas emissions produced by traditional cars are poisoning the air that we breathe: in big cities the situation is critical. We need to change, and electrified vehicles is the solution. But which one: Battery or Hydrogen?

electrified vehicle


Electric cars future

Energy efficient, battery-powered cars will, by 2025, be cheaper to buy than conventional, gasoline-powered cars.

Bloomberg New Energy Finance recently reported that the price of the zero emission cars is largely due to falling battery costs. The report says that “batteries currently account for about half the cost of EVs, and their prices will fall by about 77 percent between 2016 and 2030.”

Automaker Renault predicts ownership costs of electric vehicles will, by the early 2020s, equal that of conventional gas-powered vehicles.

The report also noted that by 2025 14% of new car sales, or 100 million electric cars globally, will be electric vehicles.

For fleet operators, this is good news. In 2014, greencarreports.com reported that electric vehicle fleets could save operators an average of $16,000 each, compared to the traditional vehicles over a service life of seven years. Now, the cost savings is clearly larger.

One of the challenges, however, with electric vehicles is total energy demand. The energy demand created by fully charging an electric vehicle (EV) can be as high as total domestic electricity consumption for one household, albeit more concentrated over particular periods of the day as well as geographical areas.

The latest study by McKinsey* et al (Electrifying insights: How automakers can drive electrified vehicle sales and profitability) claim around 2030 or so, EVs will be price competitive with conventional cars, which was based on sound data. 

Electrified Vehicles

The report states that consumer demand is starting to shift in favor of slightly. While more than 20 per cent of new car shoppers think about buying a new battery-powered electric car, less than 0.5 per cent actually does buy.

There is still a battery barrier.

The 2016 estimated pack cost of ~$227/kWh means that a 60 kWh battery becomes a $13,600 component of the car. We may have to wait between 2025 and 2030, when battery pack costs fall below $100/kWh, creating financial headwinds for Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) automakers.  That’s a cost saving of $5,000 per car. 

Relying on increasingly large lithium ion batteries to assuage range anxiety is not a practical long-term solution to eliminating greenhouse gases. Electric-powered automobiles are not a bad idea; pure battery-powered BEVs are a bad idea.

electrified vehicles

It’s going to take more than just cheap lithium ion to bring about the end of the internal combustion engine.  Building an infrastructure to service this type of technology when there are quicker and more efficient recharging models available is a monumental waste of money.

Electric cars future

Hydrogen vs. Electric: Which is actually more efficient?

Continue reading Electrified Vehicles: Battery or Hydrogen

Island Wave Energy

  Island Wave Energy Potential

The HUG Island Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of the islands of the world  at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the  coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

Islands have the most to gain:

*BARBADOS

  • Surfer’s Point, Barbados
Barbados Wave Energy:
Barbados Wave Energy: Conset Bay

*BERMUDA

  • North Shore, Bermuda

CANADA

  • *Tofino, Jordan River, Byron Bay, Vancouver Island
Vancouver Wave Energy
Vancouver Wave Energy: Tofino

*DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

  • La Puntilla (Puerto Plata), Dominican Republic

*ENGLAND

  • Watergate Bay, Sennen Cove, Cornwall, England 

*FIJI

  • Cloudbreak, Tavarua Island, Fiji
Fiji Wave Energy
Fiji Wave Energy: Suva
Fiji Wave Energy
Fiji Wave Energy: Voua

*FRENCH POLYNESIA (TAHITI)

  • Teahupoo, Tahiti 
Tahiti Wave Energy
Tahiti Wave Energy: Teahupo

*ICELAND

  • Grindavik Antenas, Iceland
Iceland Wave Energy
Iceland Wave Energy: Grondavik

*INDONESIA

  • Lance’s Right, Sipora, Mentawais Islands, Sumatera Barat
  • Uluwatu and Kuta, Bali, Indonesia
  • Nihiwatu, Sumba, Indonesia
  • *Nias Islands, Indonesia
  • *Kanduis, Indonesia
  • * Legon Par, Swari, Indonesia
Indonesia Wave Energy
Indonesia Wave Energy: Lagun Pari Sawai

*IRELAND

  • Bundoran Beach, County Donegal, Ireland Ballymore

    Ireland Scotland Wave Energy
    Ireland Wave Energy: Ballymore West

*JAPAN

  • Fukuoka, Japan

*MALDIVES

  • Pasta Point, Maldives
  • Sultans, North Male, Maldives

*MICRONESIA

  • P-Pass, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia

*NEW ZEALAND

  • Manu Bay, Raglan, New Zealand
  • *Tuapeka Point, Chatham Islands, New Zealand
New Zealand Ocean Wave Energy
New Zealand Wave Energy: Gates Harbour

*PHILIPPINES

  • Cloud Nine, Siargao Island, Philippines 
Philippines Wave Energy
Philippines Wave Energy: Siargao Island

*SAMOA

  • Coconuts, Samoa
*SCOTLAND: Brue and Barvas
Scotland Wave Energy
Scotland Wave Energy: Brue, Barvas

*SRI LANKA

  • Arugam Bay, Sri Lanka

*TAIWAN

  • Fulong Beach, Taiwan
Taiwan Wave Energy
Taiwan Wave Energy: Jia Le Shui

*TASMANIA

  • Shipstern Bluff, Tasmania,

*THAILAND

  • Surin Beach, Phuket, Thailand

HAWAII

  • *Pipeline and Backdoor, Oahu, Hawaii
  • *Honolua Bay, Maui, Hawaii
  • *Jaws, Maui, Hawaii
  • *Hanalei Bay, Hawaii
Hawaii Wave Energy
Hawaii Wave Energy: near Maliko Bay

AFRICA

*CANARY ISLANDS

  • The Bubble, Fuerteventura, Canary Islands

*CAPE VERDE

  • Ponta Preta, Maio, Cape Verde

*MADAGASCAR

  • Flameballs, Madagascar

*MAURITIUS

  • Black Rocks, Bernace, Madame Barry, One Eye, Tailor’s Point 

MOZAMBIQUE

  • Tofinho Point, Mozambique

*REUNION ISLAND

  • Cachera, Kelonia, Le Jetty, St. Pierre, Saint Leu

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading Island Wave Energy

Lake Chad Recovery

Lake Chad Basin Water Transfer

Lake Chad is located in the far west of Chad and the northeast of Nigeria. Parts of Lake Chad basin also extend to Niger and Cameroon. This is a proposal to transfer water to the Lake Chad Basin over the Mongos Mountains of Central African Republic. This will be accomplished by a series of dams all along the Ouaka River.

Lake Chad is fed mainly by the Chari River through the Logone tributary, which used to provide 90 per cent of its water. It was once Africa’s largest water reservoir in the Sahel region, covering an area of about 26,000 square kilometers bigger than Israel or Kuwait.

 

Lake Chad Recovery

Lake Chad is economically important, providing water to more than 68 million people living in the four countries surrounding it (Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria) on the edge of the Sahara Desert.  Unfortunately, Lake Chad has contracted by a massive 95%. 

The Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) has raised more than $5 million for a feasibility study to supply water from the Congo River Drainage System. This can be accomplished by building a series of dams in order to pump water uphill from the Congo River to the Chari River and then on to Lake Chad.

The important series of dams are built in the Mongos Mountains where there is very little civilization. This system is not unlike a canal system with its series of gates or instead the system used will be a series of dams along the pathway. Since the dams are non-powered, an unlimited amount of rocks and stones can be dynamited from the mountain side. 

 How many dams would be required to raise the water level to 1000 m?  Each dam location would be selected on how narrow the valley would be.  It may take as many as 10 dams each raising the level by  an average of 100 m.

Because Lake Chad is very shallow—only 10.5 metres (34 ft) at its deepest—its area is particularly sensitive to small changes in average depth. The surface area is 26,000 km2 x  The water level of Lake Chad must be raised to another 5 meters x 26,000 km² . This is equivalent to 1.3e+10 square meters.

Lake Chad RecoveryChad Lake Recovery

One 1.5 m pipe normally delivers water at the rate of 2.65 m/sec. The water transfer pipeline of a set of three HUG spiraling pipes has a 1.5 m width each and an area of 1.75 m2 x 3 = 5.3 m2 x 2.65 m/sec = 14 m3/sec normally : 1.3e+10 m²÷ 14 m3/sec = 92,800,000 seconds or 1074 days for full recovery. 

 

HUG Kinetic Energy
KINETIC ENERGY

Continue reading Lake Chad Recovery

California, Catch the Next Big Energy Wave

California  Wave Energy

 

OCEAN WAVE ENERGY
OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

Renewable energy companies are increasingly interested in converting the energy of California’s ocean waters into electricity. Wave Energy Conversion Technology is evolving and the need for renewable energy is clear.

 

California Wave Energy
California Wave Energy

Since California is one of the most fossil fuel dependent states in the world, any alternatives are worth investigating. 

California Gov. Brown said California emits 12 tons of carbon dioxide a year for every resident and it  has to get that down to two. “This is big,” he said.

Ontario’s greenhouse-gas emissions are emitting about 12.5 tons of carbon dioxide a year/per person.

 

Smog California
Smog California

Members of the California Nurses Association march to a rally outside the hearing in Sacramento.

 

Clean Air is a Human Right
Clean Air is a Human Right

Protecting Lives and Lungs From Smog

An estimated 230,000 missed days of school and 210,000 asthma attacks would be avoided. Cleaner air is also good for our pocketbooks and could yield an annual health benefit of up to $4 billion by reducing medical costs that come from emergency room visits and expenses for treating smog-related illnesses.

 

 The reason for an array of serious health impacts, including bronchitis, asthma attacks, emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and premature deaths.
The reason for an array of serious health impacts, including bronchitis, asthma attacks, emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and premature deaths.

Continue reading California, Catch the Next Big Energy Wave

HUG Wave Energy Systems

OCEAN WAVE ENERGY: WAVING GOOD BUY?

 

OCEAN WAVE ENERGY
OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

THE idea of extracting energy from an ocean wave and turning it into electricity is an alluring one. It has the potential to fill in the gaps that are left by wind and sun power plants when it is calm and dark.

 We calculate that the cost of producing electricity from the HUG will be around $0 .003 kilowatt hour. That compares with 16 cents a kilowatt hour for offshore wind farms, six cents for the onshore variety and a grid-connected fossil-fuel power station at five cents or more.

 HUG Wave Energy Systems are ultra-simple, only three moving parts: the helical turbine, the submersible pump and the electric generator (which is accessible and kept dry).  The simple HUG design will operate for decades with no more maintenance than an occasional scrub to remove accumulated barnacles.

The HUG uses higher waves to fill a higher reservoir to a greater water level than the surrounding ocean. The lower Pump HUG has a helical turbine, which engages a submersible pump in order to send water up a HUG pipeline to a second Funnel HUG above the water line on its own barge where its second helical turbine engages an electric generator in a dry environment.

The real advantage of the HUG is POWER from the action of the vortex in the HUG and the Venturi effect created by the shape of the HUG:

hug wave energy

Now let’s explain the real reason for the HUG: HIGH POWER DENSITY Continue reading HUG Wave Energy Systems

The Burning Question

The Burning Question Answered

Climate change is the most difficult problem the world has ever faced: it is huge in its global scope and  they are the biggest challenge of the century. We have far more oil, coal and gas than we can safely burn. We can only avoid devastating damage if most of the world’s coal, oil and gas are left in the ground. We can’t burn them if we care about climate change. Is this the Burning Question?

Here is the problem:  even if we gave up on all the obscure and unconventional fossil fuel resources that companies are spending billions trying to access and just burned the “proven” oil, coal and gas reserves – the ones that are already economically viable – we would emit almost 3 tons of carbon dioxide. No one can say exactly how much warming that would cause, but it is overwhelmingly likely that we would shoot well past 2 C degree and towards 3 C degree or even 4 C degree of warming.

 

burning question tons C02
The Burning Question

The book, Burning Question reveals climate change to be the most fascinating scientific, political and social puzzle in history. It shows that carbon emissions are still accelerating upwards, following an exponential curve that goes back centuries.

The simple truth is that tackling global warming will mean persuading the world to abandon oil, coal and gas. For all the uncertainty about the detail, every science academy in the world accepts the mainstream view of man-made global warming. Continue reading The Burning Question

HUGE HUG INNOVATION

innovationDAM INNOVATION

Breaching a DamOne other solution is a breach of the dam. A breach allows part of the dam to be removed. The process is usually done to allow fish passage and keep the dam’s value as a monument to human ingenuity.  They have such amazing demolition tools these days. That hydraulic jackhammer and that claw & bucket are really impressive and innovative.

The amount of sediment in the riverbed may be too great for dredging to be effective,  Sediment may cover over 50% of the reservoir, causing a rise in surface water level in the reservoir.

Replacing the power produced at the dam would cost an average of $271 million per year, a number that is larger than the $217 million estimate of what it costs to keep the dams. Enter the HUG that can continue to power the dam!

HUG INNOVATION

HUG (Helical Unique Generation) is a New Good, an Innovative Hydro Electric Power System which has never been seen before; it substantially deviates from any other good or service produced before. Over the past decades, no major breakthroughs have occurred in the basic machinery of utilities.

 

 HUG Powerhouse
HUG Powerhouse

 We have developed the proprietary HUG, based on the physics of the vortex, which will revolutionize hydroelectric energy. This new damless development of a submerged helical pathway is capable of extracting hydro-electric power from rivers, rapids or small waterfalls at low cost. Continue reading HUGE HUG INNOVATION

OUT OF THE BOX

HUG ENERGY
HUG ENERGY Inc

GRAND IDEA

This “one inventive idea” is not like a grand idea similar to wind turbines, that started small and developed into 150,000 MW globally. Each new development of wind turbines was an improvement on what worked well in the first place. The grand idea of the wind turbine was something to work toward, but the grand idea had to come first.

Inventions whose ideas remain in the Box, which are only a slight change to present ideas have never succeeded in the last 30 years. Each country knows that it must find more sources of sustainable energy. The Department of Energy from each country turns to the engineering departments of universities — almost in desperation. Under extreme anxiety, the staff comes up with an idea, but the idea come from inside the Box. Often the government throws millions of dollars at that one inventive idea“.

The wave energy industry is in its infancy, with no commercial-scale facilities operating anywhere in the world. Bloomberg New Energy Finance, a London-based researcher, in August said the evolution of marine-energy systems is taking longer than expected and costing more than forecast. BNEF lowered its capacity forecast for wave power by 2020 to 21 megawatts, 72 percent less than its original estimate. It stated large amounts of money will be required for wave power to catch up with wind and solar. 

A theme among wave power experts is that wave energy is where wind energy was three decades ago. It will likely require the participation of some large companies, such as GE or Siemens.

Many wave energy inventions are unsatisfactory because they are huge and heavy and would require expensive regular maintenance. Many of these inventions have a lot of moving parts that can wear out in a harsh environment, especially in the agitated salt-water, which can do a lot of corrosive damage.

Pelamis Wave Power Ltd., a U.K. maker of  a very heavy wave energy system, was worth €8.2m for the initial pre-commercial phase. In September 2008, they were not able to raise the money needed to continue development despite years of work by a plethora of start-ups and many millions of dollars in government support. The cost was becoming too high related to  the small amount of energy produced.

Cost is the number one disadvantage of wave energy. The possibilities of the proper technology is so varied: many innovators grope for different solutions to this very high potential, and research can be directed aimlessly in many directions. This is the reason why some companies have gone out of business as their technology failed in actual field tests. These many approaches lead to speculation on innovation and the costs are high only because of the wrong initial path.  

In the absence of information on how projects operate in real-world conditions and how they affect the environment in which they operate, ocean energy developers cannot  attract capital because of low power density of many wave energy inventions.

Wave Energy is only a niche renewable energy technology. While other forms of alternative energy like solar, wind and biomass see hundreds of  billions of dollars in investment each year, wave energy does not see even $1 billion in investment globally.

The solution to finding the best wave energy solution has nothing to do with troubles to jump starting any new industry. You can’t start to develop word processing starting with a manual typewriter. The wave technology is so different that it requires an entirely new perspective. What is required is an idea that comes out of the Box. The jet engine was an idea that came out of the Box of all propeller-driven engines.

Something went Wrong! 

Continue reading OUT OF THE BOX