Tag Archives: kinetic

HUG Slab Wave

Slab Wave Potential



A slab is a piece of reef that sticks out in deep water or deep water sits behind it. Most slabs break in the same spot.  In the figure below, the HUG slab wave, 1, moves fast and hits a shallow reef, 4, at full speed. It lifts out of nowhere within seconds. HUG Slab waves are heavy reef breaks coming out of deep water and breaking in very shallow water. As a thick lip unloads on a shelf, the water doesn’t have anywhere to go but upwards overtopping into a reservoir with all their open-ocean energy intact. That energy gets focused as the depth suddenly decreases.

HUG Slab Wave

Acceleration = a = g (acceleration of gravity) = 9.8 m3/sec                                                                      (Final Velocity)2 = 2 x a x s

In the summer, the head of water is 1.5 m from water forcing through the automatic gates of the artificial reef:

Final Velocity = 5.42 m/sec for 1.5 m drop (s):

 In the winter, the head of water is 5 m from water washing over the walls of the artificial reef:

Final Velocity = 9.9 m/sec for 5 m drop (s) of the crest to sea level.

       Wave heights during storms may exceed 10 meters (33 feet)


HUG Slab Wave

  • Final Power of the Helical Turbine

The formula for Kinetic Energy is KE= ½ x A x V 3 x (.35) efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity)

Diameter of the Helical Turbine in the HUG is 1 m. The radius is 0.5 m: A = π r2 = π (0.5)2 = .785 m2      

  • = ½ x .785 m2 x (42 m/sec)3 x .35 = 21.9 kW/turbine in summer  x 7= .153 MW HUG System
  • = ½ x .785 m2 x (9 m/sec)3 x .35 = 132.6 kW/turbine in winter  x 7= .927 MW HUG System

The velocity of the speed at which a wave travels in winter: period is every 7 seconds for a velocity of 7.6 m/sec (25 ft/sec).

The average height is normally 3m to 4m (10 ft to 13 ft). The slab wave increases by 250%: 7.5 m to 10 m

The individual waves break when their wave height H is larger than 0.8 times the water depth h: a breaker 2 m high would occur in water 2.4 m deep.


HUG Slab Wave

Wave heights are amplified in the region of shallower water. At the wave period of 7 seconds, the significant wave height is 2 m high at depths of 12 m. The slab wave configuration raises the height to 5 m.

The formula for Kinetic Energy is KE= ½ x A x V 3 x (.35) efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity).       

 (Diameter of the Helical Turbine Area: 1 m) = .5 x .5 x 3.14 = .785 m2  The area of the throat of the HUG is .785 m2: radius is 0.5 meter.

HUG Slab Wave Continue reading HUG Slab Wave

Spur Dikes & Rock Vanes

Spur Dikes increase Kinetic Energy

Malawi Kinetic Energy HUGConstructed rocky shoals are used to divert water away from the bank and build a concentrated faster flow.  Spur dikes or rock vanes are used to narrow a widened channel of rapids in order to increase the velocity of the flow. Rock and stone walls are less costly than concrete walls.

Why increase the Velocity of the Flow?

Let’s look outside the box.

Rome in a Box

Is there a better way to increase the velocity of the flow and thereby reduce the size of the system by a factor of eight?
The HUG adds over three times the increase of velocity created from its Vortex. The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power, which results in the lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.
The resulting kinetic energy (KE) would be increased by a power of three: v³ to 6³/2³or 27 times. The 4 knot (2 m/sec) current becomes 6 m/sec in the HUG and the KE increases from 50 kW to 1350 kW for 20,000 homes instead of 500 homes.
{KE (Kinetic Energy) = .5 x Area x v³ x .35 (efficiency)}
The HUG can be configured in arrays of much larger capacity – potentially hundreds of megawatts.

Here is a big bonus.

You have to go through 20 to 25 different regulatory agencies in this country. The HUG Energy System acts in the form not unlike that of a boat, which requires little environmental regulations.



  1. An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
  2. A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
  3. An Agroforestry Intercrop System: LivingWaterIs.com
  4. The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
  5. God’s Loveletters:  Godloveletters.com
  6. Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
  7. Microfinance for womenLivingWaterMicroFinance.org
  8. Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com





micro hydro power


 Kinetic hydro power is dam-less hydro power that is converted from energy found in the flowing water currents of oceans, tides, rivers and man-made channels or conduits. Free Flow systems are turnkey renewable energy solutions that employ underwater turbines to generate electricity from the natural water currents. The systems do not require dams, impoundments or major civil works. They operate automatically, fully underwater and invisible from shore.

HUG Pump systemHUG Helical Turbine System

White River

The Ojibways of the Pic River First Nations have just announced their intention to build a 25 to 30 MW Installed Capacity hydroelectric facility at Chigamiwinigum Falls, on the White River, in Pukaskwa National Park.   The project would cost in excess of a $100.0 million dollars.

white river cascade Pukaskwa National Park

The HUG Energy System would produce the same power at a fraction of the cost because there are no expensive civil works.

Ottawa Rivercalumet rapids narrows

calumet narrows

Chute-du-Grand-Calumet:  30 m narrows at island above (Near Rte 148, Bryson, QC) 

The main current  of the Ottawa River at this point is constricted to 30 m, which produce a very fast velocity of its deep flow.

Continue reading KINETIC HYDRO POWER