Tag Archives: Pipeline

HAITI WATER RESOURCES SOLVED

HAITI WATER RESOURCES Water resources in Haiti are a major concern.

The lack of adequate safe (potable) water supplies for basic human needs is a significant problem throughout Haiti, although surface and ground water resources are abundant. This situation leads to increased competition for limited resources. Several of the main reasons for this situation are:

  • uneven rainfall distribution;
  • degradation of the watersheds caused by deforestation;
  • rapid growth in urban areas with demand beyond capacity;
  • poor distribution networks;
  • poor water resources management;
  • no single agency responsible for management of water ;
  • lack of adequate data needed to make informed decisions;
  • poor irrigation supply network leading to underdevelopment; 
  • lack of wastewater  treatment and solid waste disposal.

Most of the streams are relatively small and less than 100 kilometers long. With each passing year, the rivers and streams flow more like torrents and less like stable permanent rivers. The largest natural lake in the country is Étang Saumâtre has no outlet, and contains brackish water. Many of the smaller natural lakes that exist throughout the country also contain brackish water. 

ABJECT POVERTY

About 54 percent of the population lives in abject poverty. Based on 1997 estimates, the unemployment rate in a work force of approximately 3.6 million is about 38 percent.

Only 61.7% of the population have jobs but these are the working poor as many make only $3.10 per day. Women are least likely to go to school or have a job. Violence against women is common with 22.8% of women reporting abuse – what of the abuse that goes unreported? Of course the issue of “restavek” children or child slavery persists despite national and international laws. It is a socially accepted norm to sell children ages 5-15 and to make then work for no pay, to deny them the opportunity to attend school and results in children being abused both physically and sexually.

In Cite Soleil – the largest slum in Haiti is 3 square miles and has about 200-300,000 people. Most are unemployed and the vast majority are children. In Haiti 65% of the people are under 25 years old. The children live in extreme hunger and are exposed to gang violence, high risk for HIV/AIDS, no opportunity for an education, no sewer system and rat infestations. On average – nine people live in one shack.

Most people who live in the slums state their biggest fear is violence – especially for women and girls (Haugen and Boutros, 2014). In the slums, this problem is rampant; acts of violence are intentionally hidden, legal protection is non-existent and violence keeps the poor from ever escaping poverty.

Port-au-Prince

Water supply for Port-au-Prince, the most populated area in Haiti, is poor. In 1995 only about 35 percent of the nearly 2.5 million inhabitants had access to the water system. Most receive water only twice a week. The lack of service is attributed to

  • system losses associated with the age of the distribution system and theft of service, estimated at 60 percent;
  •  interruptions in the power supply to the wells and pumps; and
  •  contamination of water sources.

Continue reading HAITI WATER RESOURCES SOLVED

Hawaii Wave Energy

The Hawaii Wave Energy PotentialHUG Wave Energy

The HUG Hawaii  Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of Hawaii at a very low cost.

Hawaii would seem a natural site for such technology. As any surfer can tell you, it is blessed with powerful waves. The island state also has the nation’s highest electricity costs—largely because of its heavy reliance on oil delivered by sea—and has a legislative mandate to get 100 percent of its energy from renewables by 2045.

The following images are located along the  coast of Hawaii wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

Hawaii Wave Energy
Hawaii Wave Energy: Kalihiwai

Continue reading Hawaii Wave Energy

Lake Chad Recovery

Lake Chad Water Transfer

Lake Chad is located in the far west of Chad and the northeast of  Nigeria. Parts of Lake Chad basin also extend to Niger and Cameroon. This is a proposal to transfer water to the Lake Chad Basin over the Mongos Mountains of Central African Republic. This will be accomplished by a series of dams all along the Ouaka River.

Lake Chad is fed mainly by the Chari River through the Logone tributary, which used to provide 90 per cent of its water. It was once Africa’s largest water reservoir in the Sahel region, covering an area of about 26,000 square kilometers bigger than Israel or Kuwait.

 

Lake Chad Recovery

Lake Chad is economically important, providing water to more than 68 million people living in the four countries surrounding it (Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria) on the edge of the Sahara Desert.  Unfortunately, Lake Chad has contracted by a massive 95%. 

The Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) has raised more than $5 million for a feasibility study to supply water from the Congo River Drainage System. This can be accomplished by building a series of dams in order to pump water uphill from the Congo River to the Chari River and then on to Lake Chad.

The important series of dams are built in the Mongos Mountains where there is very little civilization. This system is not unlike a canal system with its series of gates or instead the system used will be a series of dams along the pathway. Since the dams are non-powered, an unlimited amount of rocks and stones can be dynamited from the mountain side. 

 How many dams would be required to raise the water level to 1000 m?  Each dam location would be selected on how narrow the valley would be.  It may take as many as 10 dams each raising the level by  an average of 100 m.

Because Lake Chad is very shallow—only 10.5 meters (34 ft) at its deepest—its area is particularly sensitive to small changes in average depth. The surface area is 26,000 km2 x  The water level of Lake Chad must be raised to another 5 meters x 26,000 km² . This is equivalent to 1.3e+10 square meters. Continue reading Lake Chad Recovery

DAMLESS HYDRO ELECTRIC ENERGY

 DAMLESS HYDRO ELECTRIC ENERGY

DAMLESS HYDRO POTENTIAL

 

New damless hydro electric energy invention will change the way we power the world.

DAMLESS HYDRO ELECTRIC ENERGY

Which renewable energy source has the most potential? Mankind has been benefiting from the “energy of moving water…since before the Roman Empire” to power waterwheels for mills.  Today the global renewable energy industry is worth $615 billion. Today it is probably wind or solar, whose technologies are falling precipitously and making those investments economical. However, don’t discount hydro power, which now accounts for about 10% of the electricity and which could also grow in the coming decades.

 “Let’s not lose sight of what we know for certain about hydro power — it has greatly contributed to a healthier environment and economic prosperity and can sustainability grow to do more. Hydro power provides many benefits in the fight to address climate change and for cleaner air,” says the National Hydropower Association. 

Base level electricity is a requirement. Most hydro power facilities can quickly go from zero power to maximum output, making them ideal for meeting sudden changes in demand for electricity. 

The US government is so focused at other renewable sources of energy like wind and solar, it may be overlooking the contributing potential of hydroelectricity. More investment into damless hydro is the key to its development into a feasible renewable and clean alternative for power production.

The advocacy group points to a US Department of Energy (DOE) report that says the energy form could grow by 50,000 megawatts by 2050. That, in turn, would cut greenhouse gas emissions by 112,000 metric tons of CO2/megawatt and save $4.2 billion/megawatt in avoided damages from heat-trapping emissions. 

The next phase of hydro power, however, will focus on smaller hydro units that are less disruptive environmentally but still useful in supplying electricity to remote areas. A 2007 Electric Power Research Institute study estimated that there is a potential for adding a 300 megawatts of damless hydro power in the US by 2025.  Meanwhile, at least 100 countries are developing small hydro plants, with the most potential in the former Soviet Union, South Asia and South America.

Only 3 percent of the nation’s 80,000 dams currently generate power. An Energy Department-funded study found that 12,000 megawatts of hydroelectric generating capacity could be added to existing dams around the country.

decommissioned dams maynard dam DAMLESS HYDRO ELECTRIC ENERGY Continue reading DAMLESS HYDRO ELECTRIC ENERGY

WATER CRISES: COMING CATASTROPHE

If water is not managed better, today’s crisis will become a catastrophe.

As water becomes ever more scant the world needs to conserve it, use it more efficiently. Researchers from MIT predict that by 2050, more than half of humanity will live in water-stressed areas, where people are now extracting unsustainable amounts from available freshwater sources.  We can expect a water crisis that will go viral into a catastrophe if we continue with business as usual.

Many people have a strong moral aversion to paying for the life-sustaining liquid. Some feel that water is a right, and should therefore be free. Others lobby governments to subsidize its distribution to favored groups. This results in vast, but preventable waste.

To make matters worse, few places price water properly. Usually, it is artificially cheap, because politicians are scared to charge much for something essential that falls from the sky. This means that consumers have little incentive to conserve it and investors have little incentive to build pipes and other infrastructure to bring it to where it is needed most.

Researchers from MIT predict that by 2050, more than half of humanity will live in water-stressed areas, where people are now extracting unsustainable amounts from available freshwater sources.

One reason is that as the world’s population grows larger and richer, it uses more water. Another is climate change, which accelerates hydrologic cycles, making wet places wetter and dry places drier. The World Resources Institute found that 33 face extremely high water stress by 2040 (see map).

And as the global population rises from 7.4 bn to close to 10 bn by the middle of the century, it is estimated that agricultural production will have to rise by 60% to fill the world’s bellies. This will put water supplies under huge strain.

 In many countries people can pump as much water as they like from underground aquifers, because rules are either lax or not enforced. But it is unsustainable: around a fifth of the world’s aquifers are over-exploited.

People do not drink much water—only a few liters a day. But putting food on their tables requires floods of the stuff. Growing 1 lb of wheat takes 125 gallons of water; fattening a cow to produce the same weight of beef involves 12 times more. Overall, agriculture accounts for more than 70% of global freshwater withdrawals. Farmers in parched places grow thirsty cash crops such as avocados, which could easily be imported from somewhere wetter.

water scarcity

POLLUTION

In many places water demand is high and the quality is also at risk: as in many of the most stressed watersheds, it is often compromised by pollution. A polluted water source increases the risk of sickness not just of the environment but of the people and communities that depend on it for their survival. Continue reading WATER CRISES: COMING CATASTROPHE

THE HUG SPIN-OFFS

 HUG Applications

The  HUG uses the physics of the vortex to create a spiraling motion to accelerate the flow of fluid  in order to generate electricity or provide irrigation pumps from the water flow from tidal flows, waves, rivers, rapids, ocean and other fluid flows using a helical turbine and to transfer this fluid like water, oil or natural gas at near zero friction.

 

HUG Turbine
The HUG

There are many applications or spin-offs of the HUG, a new invention or a new good, which are named by their function:

  1. The Funnel HUG, used in ‘Run-of-River’ (Run-of-River HUG), and in a waterfall (Waterfall HUG) and the Reservoir HUG used to house an array of Funnel HUGs.
  2. The Pump HUG used in a river (River HUG), at a pylon (Pylon HUG), in an ocean current (Ocean Current HUG) and a tide (Tidal HUG)
  3. The Wave Energy HUG: creating electricity from wave energy
  4. The HUG pipe or HUG pipeline
  5. The Recycle HUG to recycle gray water
  6. The HUG Siphon for Waterfalls, Watermills and Dams

The “prior art” helical turbine is used to provide rotation to either the submersible pump or the electrical generator. One of the companies—GCK Technologies Inc. has a patented turbine using the helical blade.  Lucid Energy Technologies patented the same helical turbine in a pipeline, but there is no vortex claimed for either patents.  Continue reading THE HUG SPIN-OFFS

HUG Competition

To be the First Mover in Tidal Power

Innovation is usually geared toward improving efficiency or effectiveness. Efficiency innovations decrease the cost to market. For this reason, investors are not so much interested in the “new” aspect of innovation, as they are in the “improved” part.  HUG Tidal power is more than improved: it is an entirely new good.

What must be done to create new products, enhance market penetration, lock in customers and lower operational costs?

Often the risk and the costs associated with achieving competitive advantage is formidable

Developing new and unique products that are not easily duplicated by competitors: one provides more value to the customer, which in turn creates brand loyalty because having one’s name associated with a new product (much like snowmobiles have been called “SkiDoos”  for years).  One simply becomes the “go to” company as Wal-Mart did.

Enter the HUG!

None of the Present Technology use the Power of the Vortex, like the HUG.

Continue reading HUG Competition

HUGE HUG INNOVATION

innovationDAM INNOVATION

Breaching a DamOne other solution is a breach of the dam. A breach allows part of the dam to be removed. The process is usually done to allow fish passage and keep the dam’s value as a monument to human ingenuity.  They have such amazing demolition tools these days. That hydraulic jackhammer and that claw & bucket are really impressive and innovative.

The amount of sediment in the riverbed may be too great for dredging to be effective,  Sediment may cover over 50% of the reservoir, causing a rise in surface water level in the reservoir.

Replacing the power produced at the dam would cost an average of $271 million per year, a number that is larger than the $217 million estimate of what it costs to keep the dams. Enter the HUG that can continue to power the dam!

HUG INNOVATION

HUG (Helical Unique Generation) is a New Good, an Innovative Hydro Electric Power System which has never been seen before; it substantially deviates from any other good or service produced before. Over the past decades, no major breakthroughs have occurred in the basic machinery of utilities.

 

 HUG Powerhouse
HUG Powerhouse

 We have developed the proprietary HUG, based on the physics of the vortex, which will revolutionize hydroelectric energy. This new damless development of a submerged helical pathway is capable of extracting hydro-electric power from rivers, rapids or small waterfalls at low cost. Continue reading HUGE HUG INNOVATION

The HUG: the Innovative Pipeline Liner

PIPELINE CORROSION FINALLY SOLVED

THE HUG (Helical Unique Generation) is a new good, which has never been seen before. It substantially deviates from any other good or service produced before. Over the past decades, no major breakthroughs or innovation have occurred in the basic machinery of pipeline rehabilitation using a liner.

THE NEED: Corrosion remains the number one problem in the industry. The Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco) is the state-owned oil company of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is among the leading producers of natural gas, and monitors and controls a 20,000 km pipeline network. The problem of corrosion took precedence in the latest pipeline conference this summer in Saudi Arabia: one third of the time was allocated to this problem.

THE HIGH COST OF REHABILITATION

In January 2010, UAE-based construction firm, Dodsal, won a contract for the replacement of a 100 km, 36 inch diameter pipeline linking Abu Dhabi, worth approximately $US 85 million: $US 8.5 million/km. The HUG Thermoplastic Liner would have cost 25% to 33% less: $56.6million to $US64 million– a saving up to $US21 million and still would have generated a very high profit margin.

What is needed is a larger 2 inch gap with a lubricated slip slide, which will be extruded at the rehabilitation site and inserted over one mile.

    THE HUG THERMOSTATIC LINER      

  • Our patented technique has a larger gap between each pipe to avoid corrosion obstruction (2″ – not 0.5″). We don’t compress the whole pipeline — only the segments are compressed much like a hat is indented.
Hug Pipeline
Hug Pipeline

Continue reading The HUG: the Innovative Pipeline Liner