Tag Archives: wave energy

Electrified Vehicles: Battery or Hydrogen

Over the next 30 years we will see automobiles fully electrify. Gas emissions produced by traditional cars are poisoning the air that we breathe: in big cities the situation is critical. We need to change, and electrified vehicles is the solution. But which one: Battery or Hydrogen?electrified vehicle

A GOOD WORD FOR THE ELECTRIC CARElectric cars future

Energy efficient, battery-powered cars will, by 2025, be cheaper to buy than conventional, gasoline-powered cars.

Bloomberg New Energy Finance recently reported that the price of the zero emission cars is largely due to falling battery costs. The report says that “batteries currently account for about half the cost of EVs, and their prices will fall by about 77 percent between 2016 and 2030.”

Automaker Renault predicts ownership costs of electric vehicles will, by the early 2020s, equal that of conventional gas-powered vehicles.

The report also noted that by 2025 14% of new car sales, or 100 million electric cars globally, will be electric vehicles.

For fleet operators, this is good news. In 2014, greencarreports.com reported that electric vehicle fleets could save operators an average of $16,000 each, compared to the traditional vehicles over a service life of seven years. Now, the cost savings is clearly larger.

One of the challenges, however, with electric vehicles is total energy demand. The energy demand created by fully charging an electric vehicle (EV) can be as high as total domestic electricity consumption for one household, albeit more concentrated over particular periods of the day as well as geographical areas.

The latest study by McKinsey* et al (Electrifying insights: How automakers can drive electrified vehicle sales and profitability) claim around 2030 or so, EVs will be price competitive with conventional cars, which was based on sound data. Electrified Vehicles

The report states that consumer demand is starting to shift in favor of slightly. While more than 20 per cent of new car shoppers think about buying a new battery-powered electric car, less than 0.5 per cent actually does buy.

There is still a battery barrier.

The 2016 estimated pack cost of ~$227/kWh means that a 60 kWh battery becomes a $13,600 component of the car. We may have to wait between 2025 and 2030, when battery pack costs fall below $100/kWh, creating financial headwinds for Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) automakers.  That’s a cost saving of $5,000 per car. 

Relying on increasingly large lithium ion batteries to assuage range anxiety is not a practical long-term solution to eliminating greenhouse gases. Electric-powered automobiles are not a bad idea; pure battery-powered BEVs are a bad idea.electrified vehicles

It’s going to take more than just cheap lithium ion to bring about the end of the internal combustion engine.  Building an infrastructure to service this type of technology when there are quicker and more efficient recharging models available is a monumental waste of money.Electric cars future

Hydrogen vs. Electric: Which is actually more efficient?

Continue reading Electrified Vehicles: Battery or Hydrogen

California Canyon Wave Energy

HUG Wave EnergyCalifornia Canyon Wave Energy 

The HUG California Canyon Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy from the canyons of the shores of California at a very low cost.

California Canyon Wave Energy
California Canyon Wave Energy: Monterey
California Canyon Wave Energy
California Canyon Wave Energy: Santa Barbara
California Canyon Wave Energy
California Canyon Wave Energy: Moss Landing
California Canyon Wave Energy
California Canyon Wave Energy: Cape Mendocino

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading California Canyon Wave Energy

River Fed Ocean Wave Energy

The River Fed Ocean Wave Energy 

The HUG River Fed Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from River Fed ocean wave energy to the shores of the world  at a very low cost. The potential projects are selected from both Colombia and Venezuela in an area where there is more rainfall than in any part of the world: the Choco

At a River Outlet:

This approach adds river water to the height of the reservoir if flooding is not an issue.  The river continues to flow unabated. The spawning of fish will not be affected because a large transfer pipe is used to feed river water into the reservoir.

This approach includes the possibility of adding more HUGs.

Venezuela Wave Energy
Venezuela Wave Energy: Cocalita
Colombia Wave Energy
Colombia Wave Energy: Choco El Valle
Colombia Wave Energy
Colombia Wave Energy: Choco Jurado
Colombia Wave Energy
Colombia Wave Energy: Choco Puerto Reyes
Colombia Wave Energy
Colombia Wave Energy: Choco Borojo
Colombia Wave Energy
Colombia Wave Energy: Choco Pizarro
Colombia Wave Energy
Colombia Wave Energy: Choco Tribuga

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading River Fed Ocean Wave Energy

Island Wave Energy

  Island Wave Energy Potential

The HUG Island Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of the islands of the world  at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the  coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

Islands have the most to gain:

*BARBADOS

  • Surfer’s Point, Barbados
Barbados Wave Energy:
Barbados Wave Energy: Conset Bay

*BERMUDA

  • North Shore, Bermuda

CANADA

  • *Tofino, Jordan River, Byron Bay, Vancouver Island
Vancouver Wave Energy
Vancouver Wave Energy: Tofino

*DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

  • La Puntilla (Puerto Plata), Dominican Republic

*ENGLAND

  • Watergate Bay, Sennen Cove, Cornwall, England 

*FIJI

  • Cloudbreak, Tavarua Island, Fiji
Fiji Wave Energy
Fiji Wave Energy: Suva
Fiji Wave Energy
Fiji Wave Energy: Voua

*FRENCH POLYNESIA (TAHITI)

  • Teahupoo, Tahiti 
Tahiti Wave Energy
Tahiti Wave Energy: Teahupo

*ICELAND

  • Grindavik Antenas, Iceland
Iceland Wave Energy
Iceland Wave Energy: Grondavik

*INDONESIA

  • Lance’s Right, Sipora, Mentawais Islands, Sumatera Barat
  • Uluwatu and Kuta, Bali, Indonesia
  • Nihiwatu, Sumba, Indonesia
  • *Nias Islands, Indonesia
  • *Kanduis, Indonesia
  • * Legon Par, Swari, Indonesia
Indonesia Wave Energy
Indonesia Wave Energy: Lagun Pari Sawai

*IRELAND

  • Bundoran Beach, County Donegal, Ireland Ballymore

    Ireland Scotland Wave Energy
    Ireland Wave Energy: Ballymore West

*JAPAN

  • Fukuoka, Japan

*MALDIVES

  • Pasta Point, Maldives
  • Sultans, North Male, Maldives

*MICRONESIA

  • P-Pass, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia

*NEW ZEALAND

  • Manu Bay, Raglan, New Zealand
  • *Tuapeka Point, Chatham Islands, New Zealand
New Zealand Ocean Wave Energy
New Zealand Wave Energy: Gates Harbour

*PHILIPPINES

  • Cloud Nine, Siargao Island, Philippines 
Philippines Wave Energy
Philippines Wave Energy: Siargao Island

*SAMOA

  • Coconuts, Samoa
*SCOTLAND: Brue and Barvas
Scotland Wave Energy
Scotland Wave Energy: Brue, Barvas

*SRI LANKA

  • Arugam Bay, Sri Lanka

*TAIWAN

  • Fulong Beach, Taiwan
Taiwan Wave Energy
Taiwan Wave Energy: Jia Le Shui

*TASMANIA

  • Shipstern Bluff, Tasmania,

*THAILAND

  • Surin Beach, Phuket, Thailand

HAWAII

  • *Pipeline and Backdoor, Oahu, Hawaii
  • *Honolua Bay, Maui, Hawaii
  • *Jaws, Maui, Hawaii
  • *Hanalei Bay, Hawaii
Hawaii Wave Energy
Hawaii Wave Energy: near Maliko Bay

AFRICA

*CANARY ISLANDS

  • The Bubble, Fuerteventura, Canary Islands

*CAPE VERDE

  • Ponta Preta, Maio, Cape Verde

*MADAGASCAR

  • Flameballs, Madagascar

*MAURITIUS

  • Black Rocks, Bernace, Madame Barry, One Eye, Tailor’s Point 

MOZAMBIQUE

  • Tofinho Point, Mozambique

*REUNION ISLAND

  • Cachera, Kelonia, Le Jetty, St. Pierre, Saint Leu

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading Island Wave Energy

World Wave Energy

The World Wave Energy PotentialHUG Wave Energy

The HUG World Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of the world  at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the  coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

At a River Outlet:

This approach adds river water to the height of the reservoir if flooding is not an issue.  This approach includes the possibility of adding more HUGs.

United States: Alaska

Alaska Wave Energy
Alaska Wave Energy: Bear Island
Alaska Wave Energy
Alaska Wave Energy: Yakutat

 

Argentina: Extreme South

Argentina Wave Energy
Argentina Wave Energy: Terra del Fuego

Norway: near Farstad

Norway Wave Energy
Norway Wave Energy: Farstad

Namibia: Fish River Canyon

Namibia Wave Energy
Namibia Wave Energy: Fish River Canyon

Guatemala

Guatemala Wave Energy
Guatemala Wave Energy

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading World Wave Energy

CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

The California Wave Energy PotentialHUG Wave Energy

The HUG California Wave Energy is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of California at a very low cost.

The following images are located along the coast wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.

California Ocean Wave Energy
California Ocean Wave Energy: Caspar
California Ocean Wave Energy
California Ocean Wave Energy: Seahaven Inverness Miller
California Ocean Wave Energy
California Ocean Wave Energy: Klamath Mountains
California Ocean Wave Energy
California Ocean Wave Energy: Stewarts Point

HUG Wave Energy Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a very lucrative return on investments: 19%/year in first year to 105%/year thereafter.

THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX” Continue reading CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

HUG Artificial Reef Electricity

Artificial Reefs

The HUG Artificial Reef is a game changer. It promises to bring electricity created from ocean waves to the islands of the world at a very low cost.HUG Artificial Reef ElectricityArtificial reefs, at 4, have long been on the forefront of surfers’ minds.  They can create very high slab waves, at 1.


HUG Artificial Reef Electricity

This is how a wave builds after it hits a focus point. The parallel wave fronts arriving at the coast need to be deflected on an angle over a head or focus, called a pointbreak.HUG Artificial Reef

The wave is pushed up further than it normally would by 200%- 250%. This rising causes the wave to peel at only one place but as it proceeds towards shallower water over the wall of a reservoir along the wedge or the wall of the reservoir. The wave peels further and further, while keeping its height.  What surfing and how safe!HUG Artificial Reef Continue reading HUG Artificial Reef Electricity

HUG Slab Wave

HUG Slab Wave

A slab is a piece of reef that sticks out in deep water or deep water sits behind it. Most slabs break in the same spot.  In the figure below, the HUG slab wave, 1, moves fast and hits a shallow reef, 4, at full speed. It lifts out of nowhere within seconds. HUG Slab waves are heavy reef breaks coming out of deep water and breaking in very shallow water. As a thick lip unloads on a shelf, the water doesn’t have anywhere to go but upwards overtopping into a reservoir with all their open-ocean energy intact. That energy gets focused as the depth suddenly decreases.HUG Slab Wave

Acceleration = a = g (acceleration of gravity) = 9.8 m3/sec                                                                      (Final Velocity)2 = 2 x a x s

In the summer, the head of water is 1.5 m from water forcing through the automatic gates of the artificial reef:

Final Velocity = 5.42 m/sec for 1.5 m drop (s):

 In the winter, the head of water is 5 m from water washing over the walls of the artificial reef:

Final Velocity = 9.9 m/sec for 5 m drop (s) of the crest to sea level.

       Wave heights during storms may exceed 10 meters (33 feet)

HUG Slab Wave

  • Final Power of the Helical Turbine

The formula for Kinetic Energy is KE= ½ x A x V 3 x (.35) efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity)

Diameter of the Helical Turbine in the HUG is 1 m. The radius is 0.5 m: A = π r2 = π (0.5)2 = .785 m2      

  • = ½ x .785 m2 x (42 m/sec)3 x .35 = 21.9 kW/turbine in summer  x 7= .153 MW HUG System
  • = ½ x .785 m2 x (9 m/sec)3 x .35 = 132.6 kW/turbine in winter  x 7= .927 MW HUG System

The velocity of the speed at which a wave travels in winter: period is every 7 seconds for a velocity of 7.6 m/sec (25 ft/sec).

The average height is normally 3m to 4m (10 ft to 13 ft). The slab wave increases by 250%: 7.5 m to 10 m

The individual waves break when their wave height H is larger than 0.8 times the water depth h: a breaker 2 m high would occur in water 2.4 m deep.

HUG Slab Wave

Wave heights are amplified in the region of shallower water. At the wave period of 7 seconds, the significant wave height is 2 m high at depths of 12 m. The slab wave configuration raises the height to 5 m.

The formula for Kinetic Energy is KE= ½ x A x V 3 x (.35) efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity).       

 (Diameter of the Helical Turbine Area: 1 m) = .5 x .5 x 3.14 = .785 m2  The area of the throat of the HUG is .785 m2: radius is 0.5 meter.HUG Slab Wave Continue reading HUG Slab Wave

TRUE ENERGY TRANSFORMATION

How can we deliver true energy transformation to the world?

“An investment in a true energy transformation requires governments, research institutions, businesses, and private investors to work together.”
imperative action needed

The world is going to be using 50 percent more energy by mid-century than it does today.

Bill Gates, the co-founder of Microsoft, has emerged as a force for innovation:  “No Investor or group of investors can do this alone. Breakthrough Energy is committed to encouraging a broad network of public and private capital to work together to solve the problem. An investment in a true energy transformation requires governments, research institutions, businesses, and private investors to work together.”

“The Breakthrough Energy Coalition created BEV to address some of those challenges in the energy market. We are willing to wait a longer time for returns than other funds. Finally, the fund is committed to discovering breakthroughs, wherever they are.” 

“We must stop looking for business plans and look instead at the innovation after all it is the innovation and not how the owner of the IP will run a business which will stop CO2 emissions.”

https://www.gatesnotes.com/Energy/Breakthrough-Energy-Ventures

The HUG: a True Energy Transformation

Which renewable energy source has the most potential?

  1. The HUG is feasible, renewable and clean alternative for low cost power production.  An estimated 10 million people live mostly in urban areas along the banks of the river in any under developed country.hug energy system hug energy system
  1. Only 3 percent of the nation’s 80,000 dams currently generate power. An Energy Department-funded study found that 12,000 megawatts of hydroelectric generating capacity could be added to existing dams around the country.

The HUG System

Continue reading TRUE ENERGY TRANSFORMATION

OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

THE idea of extracting energy from an ocean wave and turning it into electricity is an alluring one. It has the potential to fill in the gaps that are left by wind and sun power plants when it is calm and dark.

 We calculate that the cost of producing electricity from the HUG will be around $0 .003 kilowatt hour. That compares with 16 cents a kilowatt hour for offshore wind farms, six cents for the onshore variety and a grid-connected fossil-fuel power station at five cents or more.

 HUG Wave Energy Systems are ultra-simple, only three moving parts: the helical turbine, the submersible pump and the electric generator (which is accessible and kept dry).  The simple HUG design will operate for decades with no more maintenance than an occasional scrub to remove accumulated barnacles.

The HUG uses higher waves to fill a higher reservoir to a greater water level than the surrounding ocean. The lower Pump HUG has a helical turbine, which engages a submersible pump in order to send water up a HUG pipeline to a second Funnel HUG above the water line on its own barge where its second helical turbine engages an electric generator in a dry environment.

The real advantage of the HUG is POWER from the action of the vortex in the HUG and the Venturi effect created by the shape of the HUG:HUG helical turbine

wave energy hug wave energy

The estimated cost is$7 million for the HUG System and $8 million for the building of the reservoir. Continue reading OCEAN WAVE ENERGY