TAP THE VORTEX

To Tap the Vortex for Hydro Power

A good place to start to create energy from the tides is in the Bay of Fundy where there is one of the highest tides in the world in order to tap its Vortex.

As usual it took an inordinate amount of time to raise the initial amount of investments mostly from various government bodies from both Canada and United States. Then the predictable came true, the propellers of the turbine system failed. Risks can be expected when working in entirely unfamiliar environments. Then, there is more time wasted trying to raise funds for a different type of blade.  

We are talking about a five-story turbine that weighs 400 tons for a 35 kW turbine. Size and weight has become the problem. The cost of the power sky rockets to $0.53/kWh compared to the current average of $0.06/kWh.hydro tidal turbine

OpenHydro and Nova Scotia Power

So how does these “innovations” start? It starts with a minimum requirement of one megawatt. The formula for kinetic energy dictates how big this system has to be, which is humongous. Think of the maintenance problems if these huge systems were on land, and then double the problem under deep water. 

Researchers at the Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (KORDI) chose the site because it has flows up to 12 knots between islands at Uldolmok. Again the unexpected happened: the installation time was miscalculated and a 1000 ton system on a barge capsized, which caused a two year delay.Kordi Korea Helical Turbine

There is an important reason why a large engineering company (Boeing) walked away from commercializing the R.E.R 250 kW hydro turbine system costing $130 million Canadian, which was tested at the Lachine Rapids near Montreal: maintenance. Bankruptcy was declared at losses of $49 million.Lachine Rapids turbine

Proponents would say it is still worth it because you can build five hundred of these systems to give you 125 MW, but the maintenance problem just increased by 100 times. How easy do you think it would be to replace a small part?

Here an additional attempt to overcome the difficulty in maintenance by reducing the size, but that means much lower power: 2-3 kW/area2rapids turbine

Let’s look outside the box.

 Is there a better way to increase the velocity of the flow and thereby reduce the size of the system by a factor of eight?

The HUG VORTEX

The HUG velocity increases over three times because of its Vortex

The secret involves creating laminar flow, which increases the velocity of the flow because of friction is near zero. A boundary layer develops much like the negative air pressure found on the upper surface of an airplane wing, which keeps the plane flying. Without that layer, you would have turbulence, which would cause the plane to stall and drop like a rock. Without laminar flow, you end up with turbulence and friction.

We avoid turbulence where the molecules that slide past each other generate friction and dissipate energy (like rubbing hands together).

swirling laminar flow

How fast can water increase in velocity because of laminar flow? Watch the Vortex created by water leaving your bathtub.: a minimum of three times faster.

The next  question is why did it take so long for an inventor to add wheels to luggage?  Why hasn’t anyone tapped into the Vortex? The answer is that some solutions are not as simple as one would imagine. There are outside influences that need to be addressed.

The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power.

A tripling of velocity increase to the power of three: v3 to 63/23 or 27 times.  The 4 knot (2 m/sec) current becomes 6 m/sec in the HUG and the KE increases from 50 kW to 1350 kW for 20,000 homes instead of 500 homes, which results in the lowest cost:  $0.01/kWh.

{KE (Kinetic Energy) = .5 x Area x v3 x .35 (efficiency)}

The HUG can be configured in arrays of much larger capacity – potentially hundreds of megawatts. 

Here is a big bonus. You have to go through 20 to 25 different regulatory agencies in this country for these kinds of projects. The HUG Energy System acts in the form not unlike that of a boat, which requires little environmental regulations.HUG turbine

Here is a bigger bonus.  This new technology introduces a breakthrough in hydrogen electrolysis. The break-even point required to produce hydrogen requires a low cost of less than  $0.05/kWh.  Presently the cost in China to produce electricity is  $0.07/kWh using coal.  

We know that big hydro power wholesale price is around  $0.03/kWh. Yet, this electricity transmission can add to the cost because dams are never built at optimized locations. Hydrogen needs to be produced at the site of service station outlets because it is too expensive to transport hydrogen. HUG electricity are married to any water flow, including ocean waves, where you can install nearby hydrogen service stations. This is a boon to any island.

OCEAN WAVE ENERGY

OTHER IMPORTANT LINKS

  1. An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
  2. A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
  3. An Agroforestry Intercrop System: LivingWaterIs.com
  4. The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
  5. God’s Loveletters:  Godloveletters.com
  6. Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
  7. Microfinance for womenLivingWaterMicroFinance.org
  8. Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com

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